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DoD Stops Anthrax Vaccinations; Maintains Shots Safe

By Jim Garamone
American Forces Press Service

WASHINGTON, Dec. 23, 2003 – Editors Note: This is a revised story based on updated DoD policy on the

Click photo for screen-resolution image
Dr. William Winkenwerder, Jr., assistant secretary of defense for health affairs, holds a Pentagon press conference Dec. 23 to announce DoD's displeasure with a district court judge's ruling that the Pentagon must stop forcing servicemen and women to take anthrax vaccinations against their will. Winkenwerder insisted that the vaccine was not in any way experimental and had been shown to be effective against inhalational anthrax -- the most deadly form of infection. He said it was the DoD's responsibility to protect its troops from the very real danger of weaponized anthrax. Photo by R. D. Ward.

(Click photo for screen-resolution image);high-resolution image available.

anthrax vaccine. Please disregard earlier AFPS story, "DoD Examines Anthrax

Court Decision, Calls Vaccine Safe," dated Dec. 23, 2003.

Defense officials and lawyers with the Justice Department are examining a decision handed down by a federal judge in Washington Dec. 22 that ordered DoD to stop anthrax vaccinations for U.S. service members without their consent, Pentagon officials said Dec. 23.

"The lawyers are examining it," Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld said during a Pentagon press conference Dec. 23. "And at the appropriate time, they will be making a recommendation as to the way forward."

DoD still considers anthrax vaccinations for service members deploying to high- threat areas as crucial. "We don't send soldiers into battle without helmets," said a Defense official.

The chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff also stressed the military need for the vaccinations. "This drug that we're using, the vaccine has been around for 40 years," said Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Air Force Gen. Richard B. Myers during a press conference. "It is not experimental. It's approved by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration).

"And from a military standpoint, I think it's extremely important. As you know, when we went into Iraq, we had all the troops in their chemical protective gear, because we thought there was a very real threat of either chemical or biological weapons, and in particular, anthrax was a big worry."

Anthrax is still a worry in many parts of the world, Myers said. "The one thing you can do to protect people is this vaccine," the chairman said. "From a military standpoint, I think it's very important we have this capability to protect our troops and enable them to do their job."

Dr. William Winkenwerder, the assistant secretary of defense for health affairs, said the vaccines are needed to protect American troops. the FDA guides everything the department does the, he noted. "We follow FDA regulations scrupulously in the use of the anthrax vaccine and all medically regulated products," Winkenwerder said during an interview.

The FDA has licensed the product for all use, the doctor said. Other independent groups agree with the FDA assessment.

Winkenwerder said DoD was surprised about the decision. He said it was out of step with current science and out of keeping with the need for force protection.

The doctor said about 1 million American service members have received the vaccinations since the program started in 1998. Some 650,000 service members have received the six-shot series since June 2002. Of that number, only around 10 service members have refused to get the shots. "Most people realize and appreciate the threat that we face and are persuaded by the scientific evidence regarding the safety and effectiveness of the vaccine," Winkenwerder said.

The FDA approved the vaccine in 1970. The District Court decision questioned the FDA contention that the vaccine was effective against aerosolized anthrax the most likely bioterror weapon. This judge's decision is counter to the FDA's own decisions, the opinion of the National Academy of Sciences' Institute of Medicine and the judgment of the most eminent experts on this topic.

Winkenwerder stressed that the department's paramount concern is for the safety of service members. The vaccine has been put through the most rigorous testing, he said. The vaccine has very few side effects, similar to other vaccines, and these are mild and temporary, officials said.

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