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Release No: 196-98
April 28, 1998


Today in Tokyo, the United States and Japan signed an amendment to the existing agreement governing reciprocal provision of logistics support, supplies and services between the Japan Self-Defense Forces and the U.S. armed forces (Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreement (ACSA)). The ACSA is designed to promote close cooperation between the Japan Self-Defense Forces and the U.S. armed forces, and contribute to smooth and effective operation of the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security, and United Nations efforts to promote international peace.

The original version of the ACSA, signed in April 1996, established terms and conditions for exchange of logistics support for bilateral training and exercises, United Nations peacekeeping operations, and humanitarian international relief operations. This amendment builds upon the existing ACSA to include reciprocal provision of logistics support during situations in areas surrounding Japan that have an important influence on Japan's peace and security.

The ACSA amendment is an important element in implementing the new Guidelines for U.S.-Japan Defense Cooperation. It is a framework between the two governments to enable Japanese and U.S. forces to support one another during situations in areas surrounding Japan. While the scope of U.S.-Japan logistics cooperation will expand to allow U.S. forces and the Japan Self-Defense Forces to support each other during a contingency, the new amendment will not alter the type of support already allowed under the current ACSA.

The amended ACSA will be subject to the laws and policies of Japan and the United States concerning each country's authorized activities in response to situations in areas surrounding Japan. The ACSA provides a framework for exchange of supplies and services but does not require provision of such support, or authorize new military roles or missions for U.S. or Japanese forces.

The complete listing of categories eligible under this agreement is provided in the annex. It includes items such as food, transportation, and petroleum. Items expressly prohibited from this agreement are the provision of weapons systems or ammunition. Logistics support allowed under this agreement cannot be transferred beyond the forces of the receiving party without consent of the providing party.

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