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News Release


Release No: 683-94
December 08, 1994


WASHINGTON -- Secretary of the Army Togo D. West, Jr., and Chief of Staff, Army, General Gordon R. Sullivan announced today details of their plan to restructure the active component Army from 12 to 10 divisions as directed by the October 1993 Bottom-Up Review.

To be implemented over the next two years, the plan stabilizes the force at an active duty end strength of 495,000 soldiers as the Army prepares to transform into the force of the future -- Force XXI. The plan calls for inactivating two army headquarters, called Continental U. S. Armies (CONUSAs), three combat brigades, and two division headquarters and their divisional troop units. It also moves two air defense brigades and an armored cavalry regiment to new locations. The net result will be the reduction of current year positions from 540,000 to 495,000, approximately 10 percent of today's force, by the end of fiscal year 1996. Implementation will be subject to the applicable provisions of the National Environmental Policy Act and actions of the Base Realignment and Closure Commission.

The 10-division Army will consist of four light divisions and six heavy divisions, all stationed at existing installations. All divisions will consist of three active component brigades, increasing battlefield lethality and strategic responsiveness. Some divisions will have one brigade stationed at a different location. The overall stationing rationale was to maximize training land availability for the active and reserve components, mutual support of collocated units, and force projection capabilities.

Some division and subordinate unit designations may change following an ongoing review of lineage and honors by the Army Center of Military History. Announcement of any changes to unit designations will be made after the completion of that review.

Implementation will begin immediately. Two brigades, the 194th Armored Brigade (Separate) at Fort Knox, Ky., and the 3rd Brigade of the 25th Infantry Division at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii, will be inactivated by the end of fiscal year 1995. The 1st Brigade, 7th Infantry Division (Light), often called the 9th Infantry Regiment (Manchu), at Fort Lewis, Wash., will be realigned as the 3d Brigade of the 25th Infantry Division.

The 1st Brigade, 6th Infantry Division, at Fort Richardson, Alaska, retains its designation, but is aligned with the 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry), Fort Drum, N.Y., to serve as its third brigade. The overall force structure changes are designed to maximize the Army's worldwide power projection capability. Leaving the brigade in Alaska further reinforces the Army's commitment to security and stability in the Pacific Rim.

Realignment of CONUSAs, the units that provide regional oversight for reserve forces training and mobilization and have domestic responsibilities such as disaster assistance within the continental U.S., are also to be completed in fiscal year 1995. The 1st Army at Fort Meade, Md., and the 6th Army at The Presidio of San Francisco, Calif., will be inactivated. Oversight of reserve units will be consolidated under the remaining two CONUSA headquarters. The 2d Army at Fort Gillem, Ga., will control reserve units in an area from Minnesota to Louisiana and eastward. The 5th Army at Fort Sam Houston, Texas, will control reserve units in the western portion of the country.

The drawdown will continue through fiscal year 1996 with the inactivation of the headquarters and supporting units of the 1st Infantry Division (Mechanized) at Fort Riley, Kansas, and the 4th Infantry Division (Mechanized) at Fort Carson, Colo. One brigade at Fort Carson will also be inactivated. The brigade remaining at Fort Carson will fall under the command of the 2d Armored Division at Fort Hood. The two brigades remaining at Fort Riley will be aligned with the divisions stationed in Germany.

Also in fiscal year 1996, the 3d Armored Cavalry Regiment, currently stationed at Fort Bliss, Texas, the Army's Air Defense Center, will move to Fort Carson and will share the post with the brigade that is to remain there. Two air defense artillery brigades, the 108th at Fort Polk, La., and the 31st at Fort Hood, will move to Fort Bliss.

Four corps headquarters will remain in the force structure: I Corps at Fort Lewis, III Corps at Fort Hood, V Corps in Germany, and XVIII Airborne Corps at Fort Bragg.

Three cavalry regiments also will remain in the force structure: the 2d Armored Cavalry Regiment (Light) at the Joint Readiness Training Center, Fort Polk, La., the 3d Armored Cavalry Regiment at Fort Carson, and the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment at the National Training Center, Fort Irwin, Calif.

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