UNITED STATES SIGNS AGREEMENT WITH RUSSIAN FEDERATION ON OCEAN CLIMATE CHANGE
Secretary of Defense William Perry signed today a Memorandum of Understanding
(MOU) with the Russian Federation on ocean climate research.
On the Russian
Federation side, the MOU was signed by Dr. Andrei Kokoshin for the Ministry of
Defense and by Dr. Boris Saltykov for the Ministry of Science and Technology
The Memorandum was concluded on December 16, 1994, at the meeting of
the Gore-Chernomyrdin Commission in Moscow, Russia.
The agreement provides for cooperative science and technology activities using
acoustics to monitor the average temperature of the oceans and to measure
changes in Arctic ice thickness.
Information from the cooperative activities
will be used to better understand the role of the oceans in global climate
The MOU includes provisions for the use of military facilities and equipment
for the collection of data, joint experiments, reciprocal visits to research
laboratories and development of computer models of the interaction of the ocean
and the atmosphere.
This joint program capitalizes on the significant
capabilities of both sides in underwater acoustics, oceanography, climate
studies, and Arctic studies.
All activities undertaken within the MOU would be
done in a manner not to harm the environment or marine life.
The key provision of the MOU is collaboration on studies on the effects of
low-frequency acoustic radiation on marine life. The MOU builds on previous
scientific research collaboration between the two parties.
In April 1994,
Russian and American scientists teamed up in the Arctic to conduct a successful
feasibility test for determining changes in the Arctic ice pack.
acoustic source was suspended through the ice north of the Svalbard Archipelago
and transmitted a carefully controlled signal 2,600 kilometers across the
Arctic Basin to a U.S. receiver on an ice camp in the Beaufort Sea.
The MOU sighed today will enable strong collaboration on the acoustic
thermometry research between U.S. and Russian scientists in contributing to a
cohesive global effort by international oceanographic researchers in the quest
to understand the oceans of the world and there role in climate variability.