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Release No: 309-95
June 07, 1995


Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, Joseph S. Nye, Jr., announced today the publication of the "United States Security Strategy for Europe and NATO." The report is third in a series of regional security strategies commissioned by Secretary of Defense William J. Perry to supplement President Clinton's "Strategy of Engagement and Enlargement." As explained in this report, the United States has a comprehensive approach to creating a new security architecture for Europe. Its key elements include enhancing NATO's efforts to reach out to the East through the Partnership for Peace; pursuing a gradual, deliberate, and transparent process of NATO enlargement; building a more cooperative relationships between NATO and Russia; supporting European integration as embodied in the European Union (EU); and strengthening the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE); as well as maintaining close bilateral relationships with both our allies and new partners.

Nye emphasized that the policies described in the report demonstrate the United State's commitment to expanding the existing zone of stability in Western Europe to Europe as a whole, thereby realizing President Clinton's vision of an integrated democratic Europe cooperating with the United States to keep the peace and promote prosperity worldwide. We must seek to realize this vision by maintaining a strong NATO Alliance, while avoiding the creation of new dividing lines that could exacerbate security threats in Europe.

A key component of our approach is President Clinton's initiative to establish the Partnership for Peace (PFP) which forges a cooperative relationship between NATO members and the new democracies in the East, as well as other European states, such as the former neutrals. Relating this effort to Secretary Perry's upcoming meeting with NATO defense ministers in Brussels, Nye noted that we are seeking to strengthen the PFP and to ensure that it becomes an enduring feature of the new European security architecture.

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Among the report's other highlights:

. As part of the gradual process of NATO enlargement, the Alliance is now exploring the "how" and "why" of enlargement. This study should be complete by September and the results will be briefed to interested PFP partners in the early fall. NATO Ministers will then review these exchanges at their December 1995 meeting and decide on next steps.

. An important related development is the Warsaw Initiative announced by President Clinton in Poland in July 1994. Through this initiative the United States would provide $100 million to PFP members in FY1996 to support participation in PFP activities, promote interoperability and deepen defense and military cooperation. Full funding of this initiative is essential to ensure the success of our European strategy.

. The NATO allies and Russia have agreed to develop closer relations, in parallel to NATO enlargement, both within PFP and outside it. Beyond that, we are considering the means for eventually establishing a longer-term NATO-Russia relationship, through some type of formal agreement.

. Through the U.S. proposed concept of Combined Joint Task Forces, NATO is exploring ways to use the collective assets of the Alliance not only in NATO-led missions, but also with WEU-led forces or "coalitions of the willing," which could include non-NATO members, such as PFP partners.

. The Alliance has also made significant progress toward integrating a counterproliferation policy into its new, post-Cold War agenda. NATO has agreed to a broad political-military approach to proliferation, and a three-phase work plan to address the defense implications.

. America's military presence in the region -- which has been reduced by over 200,000 since 1989 and should remain at approximately 100,000 U.S. troops remains vital to enduring U.S. interests in Europe and beyond. Since the end of the Gulf War in 1991, forces in the U.S. European Command have been deployed 51 times to over 30 countries, including Bosnia, Iraq, and Somalia.

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