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IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Release No: 604-95
November 14, 1995

FY 1995 RECRUITING EFFORTS

PRODUCE RIGHT-SIZED, QUALITY FORCE

The Armed Services met their FY 1995 recruiting goals while maintaining the high quality necessary to maintain a capable, ready force, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Force Management Policy Fred Pang announced today.

The Services recruited a total of 168,010 first-time enlistees while exceeding quality benchmarks. Also, 7,773 individuals with previous service were recruited for a total of 175,783. Department wide, 96 percent of FY 1995 recruits without prior military service were high school diploma graduates, and 71 percent scored above average on the Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT). Those scoring in the lowest acceptable category comprised less than one percent of the total.

"The Services simultaneously achieved the difficult tasks of shrinking their overall size while still recruiting the quality young men and women we must have if we are to perform the military missions of today," Pang said. "They have done a superb job."

Even though the overall size of military forces continues to shrink, it is necessary to recruit new members to maintain the proper age balance in the forces and to provide trainees to rise through the ranks. Military forces promote only from within and must have a continuing source of experienced, capable members to assume higher rank.

Quality benchmarks require that 90 percent of recruits have graduated high school and that 60 percent have above average scores on the AFQT (scoring in the top four categories). FY 1995 recruits exceeded both marks. "High quality" recruits are those that have high school diplomas and make above average scores on the AFQT. In FY 1995, 67 percent of the recruits were in this quality category. The figure was down a percentage point from FY 1994.

"Our high school graduates remained at last year's level, but there were small decreases in the enlistees scoring in Categories I-IIIA for the Army, Navy and Marine Corps, while those scoring above average increased for the Air Force," Pang said. "We watch all such changes

-MORE -

closely, but the overall message of FY 1995 recruiting is that we are maintaining very high quality, scoring well above the average for the preceding 10 years."

New recruit demographics remained largely unchanged from FY 1994. Black recruits increased from 18 percent to 19 percent Department of Defense wide. Hispanic recruits rose from seven percent to nine percent and women recruits rose one percentage point, from 17 to 18 percent.

"It is worth noting that our forces continue to offer merit-based advancement to all our young people, even as we bring the total numbers down. We are right-sizing the forces, we are maintaining quality and we have diversity," he said.

Pang said the Department of Defense understood the importance of continuing to advertise during a drawdown and boosted recruit advertising spending about 20 percent FY 1995-1996. But he singled out ecruiters for special praise. "The services established tough recruiting goals and our recruiters met them. Nearly two-thirds of them are working more than 60 hours a week. We're very proud of them and we're determined to ease that burden. An increased advertising effort will help," Pang said. Statistical summaries are attached.

FACT SHEET

MILITARY PERSONNEL RECRUITING STATISTICS FOR FY 1995

ACTIVE COMPONENT ENLISTED ACCESSIONS BY SERVICE

Total Number (Thousands)

              FY 1994                                                                                FY 1995              
                       Non-Prior                     Total           Non-Prior Service                 Total  
                     Service                Prior                                             Prior           
  Service        Male  Female  Total   Servic   Gains        Male  Female  Total   Servic   Gains  
                                         e                                           e             
                                                                                                   
    Army         49.1    11.1  60.2     7.8      68.0        46.5    10.8  57.3     5.7      62.9  
    Navy         44.9     9.0  54.0      0*      54.0        37.9     9.4  47.3     1.3      48.6  
Marine Corps     30.2     1.7  31.9     0.1      32.1        30.6     2.0  32.5     0.1      32.7  
 Air Force       22.9     7.1  30.0      0*      30.0        23.4     7.5  30.9      0*      31.0  
DoD Total       147.1    28.9  176.1    8.0     184.1       138.3    29.7  168.0    7.8     175.8  

Recruiting Objectives (Thousands)

              FY 1994                                                                                FY 1995              
                       Non-Prior                     Total           Non-Prior Service                 Total  
                     Service                Prior                                             Prior           
  Service        Male  Female  Total   Servic   Gains        Male  Female  Total   Servic   Gains  
                                         e                                           e             
                                                                                                   
    Army         49.1    11.1  60.2     7.8      68.0        46.5    10.8  57.3     5.7      63.0  
    Navy           **      **  54.0       0      54.0          **      **  47.3     1.3      48.6  
Marine Corps     30.5     1.6  32.1       0      32.1        30.5     1.8  32.3       0      32.3  
 Air Force                       30.0     0      30.0          **      **  31.0       0      31.0  
              **       **                                                                          
DoD Total                       176.2   7.8     184.0          **      **  168.0    7.0     175.0  
              **       **                                                                          

Percent of Objective

              FY 1994                                                                                FY 1995              
                       Non-Prior                     Total           Non-Prior Service                 Total  
                     Service                Prior                                             Prior           
  Service        Male  Female  Total   Servic   Gains        Male  Female  Total   Servic   Gains  
                                         e                                           e             
                                                                                                   
    Army        100     100    100      100       100       100       100  100      100       100  
    Navy         **      **    100        0       100        **        **  100      100       100  
Marine Corps            108               0     100                 109               0            
              99               99                          100             101             103     
 Air Force       **      **    100        0     100          **      **    100        0    100     
DoD Total        **      **    100     102     100           **     **     100     112     101     

a/ Numbers in all tables may not add due to rounding.

* Less than 100.

* Air Force and Navy recruiting on gender-neutral basis; no longer set recruiting objectives by gender. Cannot compute DoD totals without

Air Force and Navy data.

1HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMA GRADUATE (HSDG) ACCESSIONS

(Non-Prior Service)

Total Number (Thousands)

                               FY 1994                                FY 1995                  
     Service       Male         Female       Total          Male       Female       Total      
                                                                                               
      Army           46.4        10.9        57.3           44.1        10.7         54.7      
      Navy           42.5        8.9         51.3           35.8        9.2          45.0      
  Marine Corps       28.7        1.7         30.4           29.3        1.9          31.2      
    Air Force        22.7        7.1         29.8           23.1        7.5          30.6      
DoD Total            140.2       28.5        168.8          132.2       29.3        161.5      

Percentage

                              FY 1994                                 FY 1995                 
     Service         Male     Female        Total          Male       Female        Total     
                                                                                              
      Army            95         98          95             95          99           96       
      Navy            95         98          95             94          98           95       
  Marine Corps        95         98          95             96          99           96       
    Air Force         99         100         99             99          99           99       
DoD Total             95         98          96             96          99           96       

ARMED FORCES QUALIFICATION TEST (AFQT) CATEGORY I-III ACCESSIONS

(Non-Prior Service)

Total Number (Thousands)

                                FY 1994                                FY 1995                  
     Service          Male      Female       Total           Male       Female        Total     
                                                                                                
      Army            48.0       11.1        59.1            45.5        10.8         56.2      
      Navy            44.9        9.1        54.0            37.9        9.4          47.3      
  Marine Corps        30.2        1.7        32.0            30.5        2.0          32.5      
    Air Force         22.8        7.1        30.0            23.3        7.5          30.8      
DoD Total            146.0       29.0        175.0          137.3        29.7         167.0     

Percentage

                                FY 1994                               FY 1995                 
     Service          Male      Female       Total          Male       Female       Total     
                                                                                              
      Army              98         99          98             98        100            98     
      Navy            100         100         100           100         100          100      
  Marine Corps        100         100         100           100         100          100      
    Air Force           99        100          99           100         100          100      
DoD Total               99         99          99             99        100            99     

2

AFQT CATEGORY I-IIIA ACCESSIONS

(Non-Prior Service)

Total Number (Thousands)

                               FY 1994                                FY 1995                
     Service         Male      Female      Total            Male      Female       Total     
                                                                                             
      Army           34.7        7.8        42.5            32.1        7.7        39.7      
      Navy           30.8        6.1        36.9            25.6        5.7        31.3      
  Marine Corps       21.1        1.4        22.5            19.9        1.4        21.3      
    Air Force        18.6        5.6        24.2            19.8        6.2        26.0      
DoD Total            105.3      20.9       126.2            97.4       21.0        118.4     

Percentage

                              FY 1994                                 FY 1995                 
     Service         Male      Female      Total            Male       Female       Total     
                                                                                              
      Army            71         70          71              69          71          69       
      Navy            69         67          68              68          60          66       
  Marine Corps        70         81          71              65          73          66       
    Air Force         81         79          81              85          83          84       
DoD Total             72         72          72              71          71          71       

"HIGH QUALITY" RECRUIT (HSDG/AFQT I-IIIA) ACCESSIONS

(Non-Prior Service)

Total Number (Thousands)

                                FY 1994                               FY 1995                
     Service          Male      Female      Total           Male       Female      Total     
                                                                                             
      Army            32.1        7.5       39.6            29.7        7.5         37.2     
      Navy            28.4        5.8       34.2            23.5        5.4         28.9     
  Marine Corps        20.3        1.4       21.7            19.0        1.4         20.4     
    Air Force         18.4        5.6       24.0            19.6        6.2         25.7     
DoD Total             99.1       20.4       119.5           91.7        20.5       112.3     

Percentage

                               FY 1994                               FY 1995               
     Service         Male       Female      Total          Male      Female      Total     
                                                                                           
      Army            65          68         66             64         70          65      
      Navy            63          65         63             62         58          61      
  Marine Corps        67          80         68             62         72          63      
    Air Force         81          78         80             84         82          83      
DoD Total             67          70         68             66         69          67      

3RACIAL DISTRIBUTION OF ACTIVE ENLISTED ACCESSIONS 1/

(Non-Prior Service)

Total Number (Thousands)

FY 1994 FY 1995

   Service     White  Black  Hispani  Other   Total  White  Black  Hispani  Other     Total    
                                c                                     c                        
                                                                                               
Army           40.5   13.3     4.2     2.3    60.2   37.7   12.8     4.5     2.3      57.3     
Navy           37.6    9.8     4.5     2.1    54.0   30.4   9.1      5.6     2.2      47.3     
Marine Corps   23.4    4.0     3.3     1.2    31.9   23.0   4.3      3.9     1.3      32.5     
Air Force      23.8    4.1     1.1     1.0    30.0   23.7   4.4      1.6     1.2      30.9     
DoD Total      125.3  31.2    13.1     6.6    176.1  114.9  30.6    15.6     7.0      168.1    

Percentage

FY 1994 FY 1995

   Service     White  Black  Hispani  Other   Total  White  Black  Hispani  Other     Total    
                                c                                     c                        
                                                                                               
Army            67     22       7       4      100    66    22        8       4        100     
Navy            70     18       8       4      100    64     19      12       5        100     
Marine Corps    73     13      10       4      100    71     13      12       4        100     
Air Force       79     14       4       3      100    77     14       5       4        100     
DoD Total       71     18       7       4      100    68     19       9       4        100     
18-24 year-     69     14      13       4      100    67    14       15       5        100     
old youth                                                                                      

1/ Racial definitions are consistent with Office of Management & Budget (OMB) guidelines. "Other represents Native American,

Asian and Pacific Islanders.

GENDER DISTRIBUTION OF ACTIVE ENLISTED ACCESSIONS

(Non-Prior Service)

Total Number (Thousands)

                          FY 1994                           FY 1995               
   Service       Male      Female    Total         Male      Female      Total    
                                                                                  
    Army         49.1       11.1     60.2          46.5       10.8       57.3     
    Navy         44.9       9.0      54.0          37.9       9.4        47.3     
Marine Corps     30.2       1.7      31.9          30.6       2.0        32.5     
  Air Force      22.9       7.1      30.0          23.4       7.5        30.9     
DoD Total        147.1      29.0     176.1        138.3       29.7       168.0    

Percentage

                           FY 1994                            FY 1995              
   Service        Male      Female    Total         Male      Female      Total    
                                                                                   
     Army          81         19       100           81         19         100     
     Navy          83         17       100           80         20         100     
 Marine Corps      95         5        100           94          6         100     
  Air Force        76         24       100           76         24         100     
DoD Total          83         17       100           82         18         100     

4

 "High Quality" (HSDG / I-IIIA)                                                                                                                                                  
              DoD                    39      45         52         53         56         57         60         61         58         64         72         74         67         
               Army                  29      39         45         47         52         54         58         52         55         62         78         78         66         
               Navy                  41         45         54      54         51         48         52         52         48         55         62         66         64         
           Marine Corps              39      43         48         49         53         65         66         61         63         62         67            70         66      
            Air Force                51      56         66         70         69         71         76         82         82         85         85         85         79         
                                                                                                                                                                                 
        AFQT Category IV                                                                                                                                                         
              DoD                    21      15         11         10         7          4          5          5          6          3          0.5        0.2        0.8        
               Army                  35      22         15         13         9          4          4          5          7          2          0.9        0.4        2.2        
               Navy                  14         12         10      11         10         9          10         10         11         7          0.4        0          0          
           Marine Corps              16      12         9          7          4          0.2        0.2        0.2        0.3        0.6        0.1            0          0      
            Air Force                10      8          3          2          0.9        0.3        0.2        0.1        0.2        0.2        0.1        0.2        0.2        
                                                                                                                                                                                 
Note:  AFQT Percentile                                                                                                                                                           
Groupings (Categories):  I                                                                                                                                                       
(93-99); II (65-92); IIIA                                                                                                                                                        
(50-64); IIIB (31-49); IV                                                                                                                                                        
(10-30)