Following is information on the Army’s force structure plan.
Why the Army Force Needs to Be Restructured
- As the nature of warfare changes, so must the Army.
- In the past, the Army plan depended on forward-deploying divisions (the largest unit of the Army) to hot spots such as Germany and U.S.-based reinforcements with large-scale deployments over time.
- Now the Army depends more on brigades, a smaller unit, specifically designed for the new forms of warfare.
- Restructuring the Army brigades will ensure the force’s capabilities are balanced and will increase the Army’s readiness.
- The rebalancing will result in a larger operational Army and create more useful brigades across the board.
Principles of the Force-Structure Plan
- While drafting the new force-structure plan, senior Army leaders were guided by these two principles:
- All Army units will be whole; and
- All units will be ready for the missions they are called to fulfill.
The New Force Structure Plan Improves the Army
- Under the new force-structure plan, the Army will be:
- A more-ready force; and
- Fully manned, equipped and trained across all components of the Army.
Funding and Numbers
- Funding: The National Guard and the Army Reserve are being funding to their actual strength.
Army National Guard
- Americans depend on the Guard to be ready to deploy for operations, including long wars such as we are fighting now against terrorism; defend the homeland; and assist with disaster-relief missions.
- National Guard: 106 brigades (same total number as previously)
- 28 Brigade Combat Teams
- 78 Support Brigades
- (this is a change in the mix of the kinds of brigades, but not a change total number of brigades).
- Will maintain 58 Support Brigades.
- Active BCTs build from 33 to 42 and retain 75 supporting brigades.
The new force structure plan will
- Enable more than $21 billion to be invested in National Guard equipment over the next six years.
- Allow for a rotational pool of 70 Brigade Combat Teams across the Army (28 in the National Guard plus 42 in the active Army), in addition to supporting brigades.
- Unlike in the past, fund actual Guard end strength at a fully trained, equipped and operationally ready level.