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National Guard Bureau

WASHINGTON, March 13, 1998 – Women’s History Month

Who was the first woman to receive the Medal of Honor?

Dr. Mary Edwards Walker, Army surgeon, Jan. 24, 1866

What was the first U.S. bill with a portrait of a woman on it?

The $1 silver certificate

(In 1886 with a picture of Martha Washington)

Who were the first women to become government employees?

Sarah Waldrake and Rachel Summers, 1795, at the U.S. Mint in Philadelphia

(They were paid 50 cents a day to weight gold coins)

What song, and it is the most often sung, was written by Mildred and Patty Hill?

"Happy Birthday to You"

What common car accessory was invented by Mary Anderson in 1902?

The windshield wiper

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