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General Calls for More Troops in Europe to Meet Changing Missions

By Jim Garamone
American Forces Press Service

WASHINGTON, Feb. 17, 2009 – More troops will be needed to adapt to U.S. Army Europe’s evolving missions, the top Army officer in Europe said during a Pentagon news conference today.

The command, based in Heidelberg, Germany, once comprised 300,000 soldiers. Today, the command has about 42,000 soldiers, and its primary mission is to provide properly trained and equipped forces for global operations, Army Gen. Carter F. Ham, commander of U.S. Army Europe and 7th Army, said.

If current plans move forward, that number is set to dip to around 32,000 soldiers, and Ham said he thinks that’s too few. The general has recommended that two heavy brigades now based in Germany remain in Europe.

The command’s soldiers deploy like those of any other unit in the Army. At any given time, the command has about one-third of its soldiers deployed to Iraq, Afghanistan, Kosovo or other areas of the globe. The command also supplies personnel and expertise to the newly established U.S. Africa Command.

A second mission is to work with partner countries to build their military capacity, Ham said. “That’s a real and vital mission for us,” the general said.

Ham, who visited Europe many times in his career before assuming this post, said that the biggest change he noticed in the command was “how just about everything we do has a multinational flavor to it.”

For example, he said, American forces train constantly with their Bulgarian and Romanian counterparts.

“We've got a major training scheme set up for this coming summer that is larger in scale than it has been in previous years, and we think that's an important consideration,” he said. NATO uses the U.S. Army facility is Hohenfels, Germany, to train the operational mentoring liaison teams that have been so successful in Afghanistan.

Another command mission is to continue the transformation from the Army Europe of the Cold War to a more nimble joint task force headquarters. The command would be the joint task force headquarters for any major land operation in the U.S. European Command area of operations, he said.

Ham said he wants to ensure the right force posture is in place in his command to accomplish the missions.

“We're at about 42,000; by about 2013 or '14, the current plan is that we would get to 32,000, based principally on two brigade combat teams, one Stryker and one airborne, that we'd retain in Europe,” he said. “There are also presently two heavy brigade combat teams. Those are currently scheduled to come back to [the continental United States] in 2012 and 2013.

“I've recommended to my operational boss, [Army] Gen. John Craddock, commander of European Command, that we revisit those decisions,” he continued. “It is my estimation that in order to accomplish the missions that we have, we need a different force posture in Europe than is currently proposed.”

The two brigades -- one based in Baumholder, Germany, and one in Schweinfurt, Germany, -- are remaining in place for now, and Ham has recommended they stay there.

Ham said the Army presence on the continent is a visible commitment of America’s commitment to the NATO alliance and to European allies.

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Army Gen. Carter F. Ham

Related Sites:
Transcript: Army Gen. Carter F. Ham
Video: Army Gen. Carter F. Ham Briefing
U.S. Army Europe

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