United States Department of Defense United States Department of Defense


Frequently Asked Questions


Welcome to our Frequently Asked Questions & Answers (FAQ) page. These questions and answers provide general information that is of interest to personnel who are affected by workforce restructuring actions.


Joint Qualification System Access


  •  Who can access JQS?
  •  What features does the JQS website provide?
  •  Who should I contact if I am having problems with JQS website login?
  •  Who should I contact with any technical issues concerning the JQS website?
  •  What types of documents can be attached?
  •  I am having problems attaching a file. What should I do?
  •  What is the workflow for an experience?

Criteria for Joint Qualifications


  •  When should I submit my experience information for joint experience credit?
  •  What are the reference documents for Joint Officer Management and JQS?
  •  What is the definition of an experience?
  •  What is the definition of Joint Matters?
  •  How are joint qualification points calculated?
  •  What are the criteria for each level of Joint Qualification?

Interagency Career Transition Assistance Plan (ICTAP)


  •  What is the Interagency Career Transition Assistance Plan (ICTAP)?
  •  Who is eligible for ICTAP?
  •  When does my eligibility expire?
  •  How do I apply for ICTAP positions?
  •  What do I need to submit when applying for ICTAP positions?
  •  Who determines if I am qualified?

Priority Placement Program (PPP)


  •  What is the PPP?
  •  How does the PPP work?
  •  Is registration in the PPP voluntary?
  •  Who is eligible to register in the PPP?
  •  If I am eligible, when can I register?
  •  If I register in the PPP, are there any restrictions on my geographic area of consideration?
  •  Can I register for grades other than my current grade?
  •  If I accept a lower-graded position through the PPP, what happens to my pay?
  •  I've heard that PPP job offers are made in "priority order." What does that mean?
  •  What are the priorities and how are they determined?
  •  What kinds of jobs will I be allowed to register for in the PPP?
  •  If I'm referred to another DoD activity for a job that matches my qualifications, am I entitled to an offer?
  •  How many offers will I have to choose from?
  •  If I accept an offer in another geographic area, will my moving costs be paid?
  •  What can I do to increase my chances of success in the PPP?

Reduction in Force (RIF)


  •  What is a RIF?
  •  How much notice is given when there is a RIF?
  •  Do temporary employees have RIF rights?
  •  How will I know if I'm affected by a RIF?
  •  What is a competitive area?
  •  What is a commuting area?
  •  What does "bumping" mean in RIF?
  •  What does "retreating" mean in RIF?

Severance Pay



Voluntary Early Retirement Authority (VERA)


  •  What is VERA?
  •  Who can authorize the use of VERA?
  •  Are Senior Executive Service (SES) members and equivalent employees eligible for VERA?
  •  What are the basic age and service requirements for VERA?
  •  If I meet the age and service requirements, are there any other restrictions that could prevent me from retiring under VERA?
  •  One of the VERA requirements is that employees must have been on the rolls for more than 30 days when the decision to conduct a workforce reduction or restructuring is approved. How is this date determined?
  •  I meet all of the eligibility requirements. When can I apply for VERA?
  •  What are some examples of "non-personal and objective factors" that may be used to target VERA to a particular segment of the workforce?
  •  After a VERA window is opened, can management change the number of available VERAs, the targeted positions for which it is being offered, the deadline for applying, or the date by which employees must retire if their applications are approved?
  •  Can VERA be offered to employees who have received RIF separation notices?
  •  If I accept VERA, when will my retirement be effective?

Voluntary Separation Incentive Program (VSIP)


  •  What is VSIP?
  •  How is the VSIP payment calculated?
  •  Is VSIP Taxable?
  •  May an employee roll VSIP over into an individual retirement account (IRA)?
  •  Since the VSIP payment is computed using the severance pay formula, are employees eligible for buyouts if they are otherwise ineligible for severance pay?
  •  Who can approve a buyout?
  •  What are the basic eligibility requirements for VSIP?
  •  If an employee meets the basic eligibility requirements, are there any other restrictions that would prevent offering VSIP?
  •  Are Senior Executive Service (SES) members and equivalent employees eligible for VSIP?
  •  Are there any restrictions on employees returning to work for the Federal Government after they separate with VSIP?
  •  With reference to the reemployment restriction, what is a personal services contract?
  •  Are there any waiver provisions for the above buyout repayment requirement and 12 months bar on DoD employment?
  •  Will a reemployed VSIP recipient be required to repay the entire amount of the buyout prior to his or her first day on the job? If not, what repayment options are available?
  •  If an employee previously received severance pay, is the VSIP amount reduced?
  •  Why is an employee who has received a specific RIF separation notice ineligible for a buyout?
  •  Is VSIP paid in a lump sum or do employees have other payment options?
  •  When an activity is undergoing a reduction in force (RIF), is it required to offer VSIP?
  •  What happens if the number of employees applying for VSIP exceeds the number of available buyouts?
  •  If an employee has been offered a buyout with a delayed separation date, and then dies before the date of separation, is his/her estate entitled to the buyout?
  •  What happens if the employee separates and begins receiving the buyout in installments but dies before the full amount has been paid?
  •  What happens if an employee is approved for VSIP, but is called to active military duty before being separated?
  •  What is VSIP Phase II?
  •  How does VSIP Phase II work?
  •  How do I apply for a buyout under VSIP Phase II?

Reemployment Priority List (RPL)


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The documents on this website are for general information purposes only. References to particular transition actions (Ex: Base Realignment and Closure - BRAC, Transfer of Function - TOF, Reduction in Force - RIF) do not in any way indicate that is the action being taken by your organization or that the action affects any particular individual. For specific information on the transition action being taken at your activity and its effects, if any, on you, please contact your local human resources office.