Responsibility Sharing Report June 2002

F. Congressional Target Summary Assessment

This section presents the Departmentís assessment of country contributions under the terms originally specified in the FY 1997 Defense Authorization Act.

Assessment Stipulated by the FY 1997 Defense Authorization Act

The U.S. continues to urge its allies and security partners to increase their efforts in one or more of the following responsibility sharing Ďtargetsí specified in the 1997 Defense Authorization Act:

  • Increase defense spending as a share of GDP by 10 percent over the previous year, or to a level commensurate with the U.S.;
  • Increase military assets contributed or pledged to multinational military activities, including:
    1. national contributions to NATOís Reaction Forces and other multinational formations, or
    2. funding or personnel contributions to UN/non-UN peacekeeping operations);
  • Increase offsets for U.S. stationing costs to a level of 75 percent by September 30, 2000; and
  • Increase foreign assistance by 10 percent over the previous year, or to a level equal to at least one percent of GDP.
Chart F-1 presents an overview assessment of our NATO and Pacific alliesí, and Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) security partnersí performance in relation to these targets. This is based on the most recent, complete, and reliable data available; that is, through 2001 for defense spending and multinational military activities, and through 2000 for cost sharing and foreign assistance. The chart shows that all but one of the countries covered in this Report met at least one of the Congressional responsibility sharing targets listed above, and roughly half the countries meet at least two of them. It must be emphasized that all nations make contributions in the wide range of responsibility sharing indicators outlined in Chapter One including aggregate resources for defense (e.g., total defense spending), NATO defense modernization spending, military forces (ground, naval, and air), and contributions to multinational peace operations, cost sharing, and foreign assistance. National strengths are clearly evident, as are areas of concern such as relatively low shares of GDP allocated to defense for a number of nations where more clearly needs to be done.

  • NATO Allies. Roughly half of our NATO allies experienced real reductions in their defense budgets in 2001, and, as a group, their real defense spending declined by about one percent from the 2000 level. Greece, Luxembourg, and Turkey were the only NATO allies to achieve the Congressional defense spending target in 2001. Greece and Turkey spent approximately five percent of their GDP on defense, while the United States spent three percent. Luxembourg achieved the Congressional defense spending target in 2001 by increasing its defense spending by over 10 percent. All NATO nations except Portugal achieved the multinational military activities target in 2001 by increasing their personnel or funding contributions to peacekeeping operations and/or increasing reaction forces contributions. Eight NATO Allies (Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Greece, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, and the United Kingdom) met the Congressional foreign assistance target by making 2000 contributions that were at least 10 percent higher than the 1999 level. Denmark also met the target by spending just over one percent of its GDP on foreign assistance in 2000. For further information on the evolution of NATO Alliesí military capabilities, refer to the Defense Capabilities Initiative (DCI) Report, delivered to Congress in January 2002 in response to section 1039 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000.
  • Pacific Allies. Neither Japan nor the Republic of Korea achieved the Congressional defense spending or foreign assistance targets. Only the Republic of Korea met the multinational military activities target by increasing funding for UN peacekeeping missions during 2000. However, Japan has the largest foreign assistance budget of any nation in this Report and Japanís monetary contributions to UN peace operations during 2000 were greater than those of all other nations except the United States, Germany, and the United Kingdom. Japan achieved the Congressional cost sharing target in 2001 -- offsetting 79 percent of the costs for U.S. forces stationed on its territory in 2001.
  • Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). All six GCC nations met the Congressional defense spending objective, since the shares of GDP they spent on defense during 2001 were all greater than the United Statesí three percent. Saudi Arabia spent just over 16 percent and Oman spent almost 12 percent of GDP on defense, while the remaining GCC nations had shares in the five to nine percent range. Moreover, Saudi Arabiaís 2001 defense spending as a share of GDP was about 49 percent higher than in 2000 and Omanís was over 33 percent higher. Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates achieved the Congressional multinational military activities target by increasing their levels of funding for UN peace operations during 2000. Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates met the foreign assistance target by increasing spending of its GDP on foreign assistance by 10 percent over the previous year. Saudi Arabia achieved the Congressional cost sharing target in 2001 -- offsetting 80 percent of the costs for U.S. forces stationed on its territory in 2001.

 

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