This Report presents the Department of Defenseís annual assessment of the relative contributions toward the common defense and mutual security made by our NATO allies, our Pacific allies (Japan and the Republic of Korea), and the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) - Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
Under legislative provisions dating back to the Defense Authorization Act of 1981 (Public Law 96-342, Section 1006), the Secretary of Defense has provided an annual report to Congress comparing the defense burdens borne by our allies, explaining disparities, and describing efforts to eliminate such disparities. This yearís Report also covers responsibility sharing requirements in the FY 2002 Department of Defense Military Construction Appropriations Act (Public Law 107-64, Section 119).
The September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks and the ensuing war on terrorism have reinforced the need to continue strengthening and adapting our security relationships with allies and other friendly nations. The military and peacekeeping operations of the past decade have demonstrated the importance of responsibility sharing. Our allies and friends have made important contributions, both military and non-military, to these operations - from Bosnia and Kosovo to the Persian Gulf and Afghanistan.The United States and its allies are committed to achieving the common goals of promoting peace, sustaining freedom, and encouraging prosperity. Our regional security arrangements aim to provide the security and stability essential for democracy, economic progress, and the orderly resolution of international differences. The United States relies on its allies and friends to fulfill critical roles in regions such as Europe, Southwest Asia, and Northeast Asia to shape the security environment and meet and deter threats to regional and global security. The responsibility and costs of meeting the challenges of current and future threats around the world cannot be met by any one nation alone. The cornerstone of effective alliance relationships is the fair and equitable sharing of the full range of mutual security responsibilities, and the appropriate balancing of costs and benefits. This approach acknowledges that each country's contribution includes a mix of political, military, and economic elements, and that increasing allied efforts is a long-term endeavor heavily influenced by specific historical, economic and geographical circumstances. This is the basis of U.S. responsibility sharing policy. The United States will continue to urge allied and partner nations to increase their responsibility sharing contributions where there is scope for greater effort, such as in defense spending and host nation support for some allies. For host nation support, the Department of Defense (DoD) will seek cost sharing arrangements in which host nations contribute 50 percent of total non-personnel stationing costs, at least as an interim goal. A number of countries are already at or above the 50 percent target (including Saudi Arabia, Japan, Norway, Spain and Luxembourg). In line with this goal, the United States and the Republic of Korea (ROK) recently concluded a new Special Measures Agreement, which will see the ROK increase its offsets to 50 percent by 2004.
It should be noted that the ratings assigned to the United States in some of the military contributions indicators appearing in this report can be misleading insofar as they measure only those U.S. military forces formally committed to NATO. Therefore, these indicators do not depict the full extent of the United Statesí commitment to safeguarding common security worldwide, which is reflected both in the powerful U.S. military forces that are deployed abroad and those that are maintained at high-readiness on national territory. If the need arises, the United States can contribute high-readiness forces to NATO that greatly exceed those which are formally committed to the Alliance depending of course upon the requirements of other global contingencies that may be occurring simultaneously.
This Report is organized into three chapters and a comprehensive data annex. The first chapter presents an Executive Summary providing a brief assessment of country contributions. Chapter II provides a regional perspective of U.S. security interests and highlights the contributions of the United States and key allies. Chapter III follows with detailed assessments of country efforts and selected indicators.Additional information is provided in the Annex, which contains sources and notes, summarizes responsibility sharing contributions on a country-by-country basis, and provides an array of supporting statistics. This Report will also be available on the Departmentís web site, DefenseLINK, at http://www.defenselink.mil/pubs/allied_contrib2002.
of Contents | Intro | Chapter I
| Chapter II | Chapter
III | Annex | ...page