integral component of responsibility sharing. Conventional force contributions are measured according to each
nation's inventory of major weapons systems as a share of the aggregate for all
nations assessed. Relative performance is evaluated by comparing these
contributions with each nation's ability to contribute (its share of aggregate
- Crisis Management and Peace Operations: Post-Cold War
security risks and challenges cover a wide range of political, economic, and
ethnic instabilities that may affect areas of strategic interest--the
prevention and management of which is increasingly important to protecting
fundamental Western values and enhancing our security. Efforts in this area
are measured by countries' financial and personnel contributions to UN peace
- Economic and Financial Assistance: Each of the NATO and
East Asia-Pacific nations addressed in this Report provides economic assistance
to developing countries, or has pledged aid to Central European nations and the
NIS. These contributions and pledges are an important boost to post-Cold War
stability, and represent notable economic commitments by donor nations.
- Host Nation Support: Our European and Pacific allies
provide a broad range of host nation support to U.S. forces, including direct
cost sharing, land for U.S. bases and/or material storage facilities, logistics
support such as ammunition storage and equipment maintenance, and pledges of
wartime host nation support (WHNS).
The following chart summarizes our assessment of nations' efforts in
these areas, drawing heavily on the foregoing measures, combined with each country's relative standing
in economic development and standard of living.
Among all of these factors, the most important is the ratio of defense spending
share to GDP share.
Aggregate Resources for Defense
(view full-size chart)
The remaining tables presented in this Annex provide a brief portrayal
of selected responsibility sharing indicators on a country-by-country basis.
In addition to presenting a nation's performance in each indicator, the
portrayals show relative standings of the 17 nations assessed (i.e., the 15
NATO nations, Japan, and the Republic of Korea). Information in the portrayals
- GDP and Defense Spending data are depicted for 1995, using 1995
exchange rates. Defense spending figures for the NATO nations (including the
United States) reflect an agreed definition of total defense spending adopted
- Active Duty Military and Civilian Defense Personnel data are
shown for 1995. Labor force numbers used to compute personnel as a percentage
of labor force are mid-1995 totals.
- Defense Capability Measures are ratios based on 1995 force levels
and GDPs. A ratio of around 1.0 in a given category indicates that a nation's
contribution and its ability to contribute are roughly in balance--that is, its
contribution to the aggregate capability of all 17 nations is in line with its
share of the aggregate wealth (GDP). A ratio above 1.0 suggests that a