Today the Department of Defense announced the commencement of the 2010 Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) and the Nuclear Posture Review (NPR). The processes will culminate in final reports to Congress due in early 2010.
The QDR, which is conducted every four years, is one of the principal means by which the tenets of the National Defense Strategy are translated into potentially new policies, capabilities and initiatives. “The purpose of the QDR is to assess the threats and challenges the Nation faces, and then integrate strategies, resources, forces, and capabilities necessary to prevent conflict or conclude it on terms that are favorable to the Nation now and in the future,” said General James E. Cartwright, Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
“The QDR takes a long-term, strategic view of the Department of Defense and will explore ways to balance achieving success in current conflicts with preparing for long-term challenges," said William J. Lynn, deputy secretary of defense. "The review will also look at ways to institutionalize irregular warfare capabilities while maintaining the United States' existing strategic and technological edge in conventional warfare.”
The process for the 2010 QDR will embrace a whole of government approach where the Department of Defense will consult with other U.S. Government departments and agencies and appropriate Congressional committees. There will also be consultations with key allies and partners. The 2010 QDR will address emerging challenges and explore ways to improve the balance of efforts and resources between trying to prevail in current conflicts and preparing for future contingencies, while also institutionalizing capabilities such as counterinsurgency and foreign military assistance.
The QDR is a legislatively-mandated (USC 10, Sec. 118 (a)) review of DoD strategy and priorities. Previous QDRs were conducted in 1997, 2001, and 2006.
The NPR will be conducted in consultation with the Departments of Energy and State. The purpose of the NPR is to establish U.S. nuclear deterrence policy, strategy, and posture for the next five to 10 years and to provide a basis for the negotiation of a follow-on agreement to the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START). This report will be submitted concurrently with the 2010 Quadrennial Defense Review.
The NPR is a legislatively-mandated (National Defense Authorization Act FY08, Sec 1070/Public Law 110-181) comprehensive review of the U.S. nuclear deterrence policy, strategy and force posture for the next five to 10 years. Previous NPRs were conducted in 1994 and 2002.