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IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Release No: 615-97
November 14, 1997

FISCAL YEAR 1997 RECRUITING MEETS OR EXCEEDS ALL OBJECTIVES

Announcing the results today of Fiscal Year 1997 recruiting efforts, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Force Management Policy Fred Pang stated, "To support today's high-tech, volunteer force, we must recruit the best, most capable young men and women. The armed forces have again enlisted the right quantity and quality of new recruits from throughout American society to meet personnel requirements." He singled out Service recruiters for special praise. "The Services established tough recruiting goals and our recruiting commands and our recruiters came through."

In FY 1997, the Services recruited a total of 188,609 first-time enlistees while exceeding recruit quality benchmarks. In addition, 8,472 individuals with previous military experience reentered service for a total of 197,081 enlistees. Quality benchmarks require that 90 percent of recruits graduate from high school and 60 percent have above average scores on the enlistment test. Fiscal Year 1997 recruits for each Service exceeded both standards. Defense Department-wide, 94 percent of FY 1997 recruits without prior military service were high school diploma graduates, and 69 percent scored above average on the Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT). Virtually all prior service recruits were high school diploma graduates with above average aptitude.

New recruit demographics show diverse representation. The proportion of Black recruits increased one percentage point to 20 percent Department-wide. Representation of Hispanic recruits also increased one percentage point to 10 percent. The percentage of women recruits in FY 1997 was 19 percent, identical to last year.

"Recruiting has been challenging over the past several years," said Pang. "With the Defense Department drawdown, there was a corresponding drop in recruiting resources. Money for advertising, educational benefits, and enlistment bonuses declined, and the number of recruiters declined. Youth interest in the military dropped as the faulty perception grew that we

were no longer hiring. Fortunately, Congress provided the necessary resources for increased advertising, and we were able to counter those perceptions and improve youth awareness about the opportunities and benefits of military service."

Pang concluded, "The Department will continue to emphasize recruiting top quality men and women into the force, keeping them ready by providing rigorous, realistic training and retaining them, and by making sure that the benefits of service are commensurate with the sacrifices that our military personnel make."

Statistical summaries are attached.

FACT SHEET a/

MILITARY PERSONNEL RECRUITING STATISTICS FOR FY 1997

ACTIVE COMPONENT ENLISTED ACCESSIONS BY SERVICE

Total Number (Thousands)

FY 1996
FY 1997
Non-Prior Service Prior Total Non-Prior Service Prior Total
Service Male Female Total Service Gains Male Female Total Service Gains
Army 56.1 14.3 70.4 3.1 73.4 59.7 15.3 75.0 7.1 82.1
Navy 39.1 6.9 46.0 2.2 48.2 42.3 7.0 49.2 .9 50.1
Marine Corps 30.9 2.2 33.1 0.4 33.5 31.8 2.4 34.2 .3 34.5
Air Force 22.7 8.0 30.7 0.2 30.9 21.7 8.5 30.2 .1 30.3
DoD Total 148.8 31.4 180.2 5.8 186.0 155.4 33.2 188.6 8.5 197.0
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Recruiting Objectives (Thousands)

FY 1996
FY 1997
Non-Prior Service Prior Total Non-Prior Service Prior Total
Service Male Female Total Service Gains Male Female Total Service Gains
Army 56.1 13.4 69.4 4.0 73.4 60.0 15.0 75.0 7.0 82.0
Navy 39.1 6.9 46.0 2.2 48.2 42.3 6.9 49.2 .9 50.1
Marine Corps 30.9 2.2 33.2 .3 33.5 31.8 2.4 34.2 .3 34.5
Air Force ** ** 30.7 .2 30.9 ** ** 30.2 .1 30.3
DoD Total ** ** 179.2 6.7 186.0 ** ** 188.6 8.3 197.0

Percent of Objective

FY 1996
FY 1997
Non-Prior Service Prior Total Non-Prior Service Prior Total
Service Male Female Total Service Gains Male Female Total Service Gains
Army 100 107 101 77 100 100 102 100 101 100
Navy 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Marine Corps 100 105 100 110 100 100 100 100 100 100
Air Force ** ** 100 100 100 ** ** 100 100 100
DoD Total ** ** 101 87 100 ** ** 100 101 100

a/ Numbers in all tables may not add due to rounding.

* Less than 100.

** Air Force (FYs 1996 and 1997) recruiting on gender-neutral basis; no longer set recruiting objectives by

gender. Cannot compute DoD totals without Air Force data.

HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMA GRADUATE (HSDG) ACCESSIONS

(Non-Prior Service)

Total Number (Thousands)

FY 1996 FY 1997
Service Male Female Total Male Female Total
Army 53.1 13.9 67.0 53.2 14.3 67.5
Navy 36.9 6.8 43.7 39.9 6.9 46.8
Marine Corps 26.9 2.2 31.8 30.4 2.4 32.8
Air Force 22.5 8.0 30.4 21.5 8.4 29.9
DoD Total 142.1 30.8 172.9 144.9 32.1 177.0
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Percentage

FY 1996 FY 1997
Service Male Female Total Male Female Total
Army 95 97 95 89 94 90
Navy 95 98 95 94 99 95
Marine Corps 96 98 96 96 98 96
Air Force 99 100 99 99 99 99
DoD Total 96 98 96 93 97 94

ARMED FORCES QUALIFICATION TEST (AFQT) CATEGORY I-III ACCESSIONS (Non-Prior Service)

Total Number (Thousands)

FY 1996 FY 1997
Service Male Female Total Male Female Total
Army 55.3 14.2 69.5 58.3 15.2 73.5
Navy 39.1 6.9 46.0 42.3 7.0 49.2
Marine Corps 30.8 2.3 33.1 31.6 2.5 34.1
Air Force 22.6 8.0 30.6 21.7 8.5 30.1
DoD Total 147.8 31.4 179.2 153.9 33.1 187.0

Percentage

FY 1996 FY 1997
Service Male Female Total Male Female Total
Army 99 100 99 98 100 98
Navy 100 100 100 100 100 100
Marine Corps 100 105 100 100 100 100
Air Force 100 100 100 100 100 100
DoD Total 99 100 100 99 100 99
AFQT CATEGORY I-IIIA ACCESSIONS

(Non-Prior Service)

Total Number (Thousands)

FY 1996 FY 1997
Service Male Female Total Male Female Total
Army 37.8 9.6 47.4 39.7 11.3 51.0
Navy 25.8 4.4 30.2 27.8 4.7 32.6
Marine Corps 20.1 1.5 21.6 20.4 1.7 22.1
Air Force 18.9 6.4 25.3 17.6 6.3 23.9
DoD Total 102.6 21.9 124.6 105.4 24.1 129.6

Percentage

FY 1996 FY 1997
Service Male Female Total Male Female Total
Army 67 67 67 66 74 68
Navy 66 64 66 66 68 66
Marine Corps 65 70 65 64 71 65
Air Force 83 80 83 81 75 79
DoD Total 69 70 69 68 73 69

"HIGH QUALITY" RECRUIT (HSDG/AFQT I-IIIA) ACCESSIONS (Non-Prior Service)

Total Number (Thousands)

FY 1996 FY 1997
Service Male Female Total Male Female Total
Army 34.8 9.2 44.0 32.9 10.3 43.3
Navy 23.7 4.3 27.9 25.5 4.7 30.1
Marine Corps 19.2 1.5 20.7 19.4 1.7 21.2
Air Force 18.7 6.3 25.1 17.3 6.3 23.6
DoD Total 96.4 21.4 117.7 95.2 23.0 118.2

Percentage

FY 1996 FY 1997
Service Male Female Total Male Female Total
Army 62 65 63 55 68 58
Navy 61 62 61 60 67 61
Marine Corps 62 69 63 61 69 62
Air Force 82 79 82 80 74 78
DoD Total 65 68 65 61 69 63
RACIAL DISTRIBUTION OF ACTIVE ENLISTED ACCESSIONS 1/

(Non-Prior Service)

Total Number (Thousands)

FY 1996 FY 1997
Service White Black Hispanic Other Total White Black Hispanic Other Total
Army 44.7 16.5 6.2 3.0 70.4 46.7 17.6 7.2 3.6 75.0
Navy 27.5 9.5 6.1 3.0 46.0 28.8 9.7 6.5 4.2 49.2
Marine Corps 23.2 4.5 4.0 1.4 33.1 23.9 4.7 3.9 1.7 34.2
Air Force 23.0 4.5 1.8 1.4 30.7 21.8 5.0 2.0 1.4 30.2
DoD Total 118.4 34.9 18.1 8.8 180.2 121.1 37.1 19.6 10.7 188.6

Percentage

FY 1996 FY 1997
Service White Black Hispanic Other Total White Black Hispanic Other Total
Army 64 23 9 4 100 62 23 10 5 100
Navy 60 21 13 7 100 58 20 13 8 100
Marine Corps 70 14 12 4 100 70 14 12 5 100
Air Force 75 15 6 5 100 72 17 7 5 100
DoD Total 66 19 9 5 100 64 20 10 6 100
18-24 year-
old youth
68 14 13 5 100 67 14 14 5 100

1/ Racial definitions are consistent with Office of Management & Budget (OMB) guidelines. "Other represents Native American,

Asian and Pacific Islanders.

GENDER DISTRIBUTION OF ACTIVE ENLISTED ACCESSIONS (Non-Prior Service)

Total Number (Thousands)

FY 1996 FY 1997
Service Male Female Total Male Female Total
Army 56.1 14.3 70.4 59.7 15.3 75.0
Navy 39.1 6.9 46.0 42.3 7.0 49.2
Marine Corps 30.9 2.2 33.1 31.8 2.5 34.2
Air Force 22.7 8.0 30.7 21.7 8.5 30.2
DoD Total 148.8 31.4 180.2 155.4 33.2 188.6

Percentage

FY 1996FY 1997

ServiceMaleFemaleTotalMaleFemaleTotal

Army80201008020100

Navy85151008614100

Marine Corps937100937100

Air Force74261007228100

DoD Total83171008218100

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