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News Release


Release No: 635-97
November 26, 1997


Secretary of Defense William S. Cohen today announced Fiscal Year 1998 Reserve component force structure and end strength reductions for the Army, Navy, Marine Corps and Air Force resulting from the Bottom Up Review (BUR). The resulting unit inactivations were announced by the individual services through their web sites.

Consistent with approximately 1.8 percent force structure cuts, Reserve component end strength will be reduced by approximately 1.1 percent, or 9,700 personnel in FY 98, to close out the Bottom Up Review (BUR) personnel reductions identified in FY 1993. Further Reserve component personnel reductions may occur in FY 98 based upon a separate reduction initiative, the Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR). A later news release will reflect those reductions.

FY 1998 is unique in that it constitutes the last year of the BUR-based five-year reduction plan and the first year to introduce the decisions in the QDR. The BUR responded to the changing defense requirements of the post-Cold War world -- striving to protect personnel readiness and carefully manage the inevitable turbulence while U.S. forces were rightsized to carry out their warfighting and peacetime missions. The QDR continues to prepare America's armed forces for an uncertain future and allows the services to acquire the modern technology that will be essential to the continued protection of U.S. national security interests.

"In 1993, President Clinton put us on the glide path for developing a post-Cold War military structure," Cohen said. "Today, I am pleased to announce the final Reserve component reductions associated with the Bottom Up Review. We have honored our pledge to maintain readiness, protect people, and retain our ability to perform in a wide range of operational situations. As a result, our National Guard and Reserves are highly capable, multipurpose forces which continue to evolve to meet the changing requirements of a new era."

For the personnel who remain in the Reserve forces, the force reductions will help to maintain appropriate initial-entry and duty training; pay and benefits; and employer and family support. Reservists whose units are being inactivated will have opportunities to move into positions in other units. For those who leave the force due to the restructuring, the Reserve transition program will ensure that they are treated fairly and with respect for their service.

This is the right approach to protect our national interests today and into the future," Cohen said. "I am committed to making only those reductions and adjustments to our Reserve forces that will balance our priorities of ensuring mission readiness and taking care of our people. The forces being restructured now will be prepared to conduct a broad range of missions, including many new ones, as the United States moves into the 21st century."

* * * * * * * * * * * *

The FY 1998 Reserve Component Reduction Plan includes the following:

  • Overall Summary of BUR Force Structure Changes by Reserve Component
  • Overall Summary of Reserve Component End Strength Figures

To explain the relationship between the two summaries -- the Department's force structure (the force required for wartime operations) has normally been greater than its end strength (the number of military personnel authorized by Congress). It is considered fiscally and strategically sound during peacetime to "man" the structure at levels which support the National Military Strategy, but at strength levels lower than required for wartime operations. Allocation of end strength within the force is often tied to deployment schedules: the earliest deploying units are resourced and manned at the highest levels. Later deploying units are resourced to maintain a readiness posture consistent with their later deploying mission, and their state or federal domestic missions. When needed, these units would be fully manned to meet wartime requirements.

Media may obtain specific information concerning the reduction plans of each Reserve component by accessing the appropriate service web site listed below or by contacting them at:

Army: (703) 697-7589 Navy: (703) 601-1806
http://www.army.mil/sa/rcreduction.htm [not available] http://www.ncts.navy.mil/navresfor/data/pages/story.html [not available]
Air Force: (703) 695-0640 Marine Corps: (703) 614-4309 [not available] http://www.usmc.mil/announce.nsf#bur [not available]
Sites no longer available, reference publication.


Overall Summary of Bottom Up Review Force Structure* Changes by Reserve Component

*Force Structure numbers reflect the total number of positions required to support established units and individuals in the Reserve components, as provided by the Services to meet the broad spectrum of military operations outlined in the National Military Strategy.

The following table is a summary of Reserve Component force structure changes associated with the BUR. Numbers provided by Services subject to change based upon the needs of the Services. Quadrennial Defense Review reductions are not reflected in this table.

Reserve Component FY97 FY98
Army National Guard 413,000 405,000
Changes -8,000
Army Reserve 215,000 208,000
Changes -7,000
Naval Reserve 104,900 103,100
Changes -1,800
Marine Corps Reserve 46,300 46,300
Changes 0
Air National Guard 113,600 112,400
Changes -1,200
Air Force Reserve 73,700 73,900
Changes +200
TOTAL: 966,500 948,700
Changes -17,800

Overall Summary of Reserve Component End Strength Figures

* End Strength numbers reflect the total number of the number of military personnel authorized by Congress.

The following table is a summary of Reserve Component funded end strength and changes associated with the BUR provided by the Services. Quadrennial Defense Review reductions are not reflected in this table.

Reserve Component FY97 FY98
Army National Guard 367,000 367,000
Changes 0
Army Reserve 215,000 208,000
Changes -7,000
Naval Reserve 95,900 94,300
Changes -1,600
Marine Corps Reserve 42,000 42,000
Changes 0
Air National Guard 109,200 108,000
Changes -1,200
Air Force Reserve 73,300 73,400
Changes +100
TOTAL: 902,400 892,700
Changes -9,700

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