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Release No: 710-94
December 22, 1994


The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Gen. John M. Shalikashvili, announced today that the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal (AFEM) will be awarded to personnel who served in, or directly supported, Operation Uphold Democracy. The established opening date for receiving the award is September 16, 1994; no closing date has been set.

The AFEM may be authorized for three categories of operations: U.S. military operations, U.S. operations in direct support of the United Nations, and U.S. operations of assistance for friendly foreign nations. Since its establishment in 1958, the AFEM has been awarded for 22 different operations. It was last awarded to participants of Operation Restore Hope in Somalia. The criteria for the award indicates that U.S. Armed Forces must have participated in a military operation in significant numbers and that those forces either encountered foreign armed opposition or otherwise were placed in such a position that hostile action by foreign armed forces could have been imminent, even though it did not occur.

Eligibility for receipt of the medal is limited to those U.S. military forces who participated in, or directly supported the activity within land, sea and airspace of the area of operations. That area is generally defined along the following coordinates: 16 degrees, 30 minutes north of latitude by 71 degrees, 40 minutes west of longitude; to 18 degrees north by 71 degrees, 45 minutes west; along the Haitian-Dominican Republic border to 20 degrees north by 71 degrees, 44 minutes west; 21 degrees, 25 minutes north by 73 degrees west; 21 degrees, 25 minutes north by 74 degrees west; 19 degrees north by 76 degrees west; to 16 degrees, 30 minutes north/71 degrees, 40 minutes west.

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