1949 April - The North Atlantic Treaty
was signed by Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France,
Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway,
Portugal, the United Kingdom and the United States.
1955 May - Warsaw Treaty signed by
Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany,
Hungary, Poland, Romania and the Soviet Union.
1966 March - President de Gaulle
announced France's intention to withdraw from the
military structure of the Alliance.
March 1967, (4 p.m.), the flags of SHAPE
member countries hoisted in front of the
new SHAPE HQ relocated in
1968 August - Warsaw Pact forces invaded
SACEUR, General Lyman L. Lemnitzer is
shown here with the Minister of Defense
Mr. Poswick, viewing a model of the new HQ
1989 November-December - Berlin Wall
crumbled and Communist governments collapsed in
East Germany, Czechoslovakia and Romania.
German security guard faces off with West
Berliners sitting atop the Soviets'
infamous Berlin Wall. Within hours after
the photograph was taken Nov. 10, 1989,
West and East Berliners joined in tearing
down the 28-year-old barrier.
October - Germany was reunified and
eastern Germany came under NATO protection.
November - At European Security
Conference summit in Paris, Warsaw Pact and NATO
signed the CFE treaty and declared that they no
longer regarded each other as enemies.
July - Warsaw Pact was dissolved.
December - Commonwealth of Independent
States (CIS) founded to replace Soviet Union.
1992 June - NATO foreign ministers, at a
meeting in Oslo, agreed that the alliance could
take on new peacekeeping missions in post-Cold War