LAWRENCE Rank and organization: Specialist Sixth Class
(then Sp5c), U.S. Army, Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st
Battalion (Airborne), 503d Infantry, 173d Airborne Brigade. Place
and date: Republic of Vietnam, 8 November 1965, Entered service
at: New York City, N.Y. G.O. No.: 15, 5 April 1967. Born: 22 February
1928, Winston-Salem, N.C. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and
intrepidity at the risk of life above and beyond the call of duty.
Spec. Joel demonstrated indomitable courage, determination, and
professional skill when a numerically superior and well-concealed
Viet Cong element launched a vicious attack which wounded or killed
nearly every man in the lead squad of the company. After treating
the men wounded by the initial burst of gunfire, he bravely moved
forward to assist others who were wounded while proceeding to their
While moving from man to man, he was struck in the right leg by
machinegun fire. Although painfully wounded his desire to aid his
fellow soldiers transcended all personal feeling. He bandaged his
own wound and self-administered morphine to deaden the pain enabling
him to continue his dangerous undertaking. Through this period of
time, he constantly shouted words of encouragement to all around
Then, completely ignoring the warnings of others, and his pain,
he continued his search for wounded, exposing himself to hostile
fire; and, as bullets dug up the dirt around him, he held plasma
bottles high while kneeling completely engrossed in his life saving
mission. Then, after being struck a second time and with a bullet
lodged in his thigh, he dragged himself over the battlefield and
succeeded in treating 13 more men before his medical supplies ran
Displaying resourcefulness, he saved the life of 1 man by placing
a plastic bag over a severe chest wound to congeal the blood. As
1 of the platoons pursued the Viet Cong, an insurgent force in concealed
positions opened fire on the platoon and wounded many more soldiers.
With a new stock of medical supplies, Sp6c. Joel again shouted words
of encouragement as he crawled through an intense hail of gunfire
to the wounded men. After the 24 hour battle subsided and the Viet
Cong dead numbered 410, snipers continued to harass the company.
Throughout the long battle, Sp6c. Joel never lost sight of his mission
as a medical aidman and continued to comfort and treat the wounded
until his own evacuation was ordered. His meticulous attention to
duty saved a large number of lives and his unselfish, daring example
under most adverse conditions was an inspiration to all. Sp6c. Joel's
profound concern for his fellow soldiers, at the risk of his life
above and beyond the call of duty are in the highest traditions
of the U.S. Army and reflect great credit upon himself and the Armed
Forces of his country.
DWIGHT H. Rank and organization: Specialist Fifth Class,
U.S. Army, Company B, 1st Battalion, 69th Armor, 4th Infantry Division.
Place and date: Near Dak To, Kontum Province, Republic of Vietnam,
15 January 1968. Entered service at: Detriot, Mich. Born: 7 May
1947, Detroit, Mich. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity
at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Sp5c.
Johnson, a tank driver with Company B, was a member of a reaction
force moving to aid other elements of his platoon, which was in
heavy contact with a battalion size North Vietnamese force.
Sp5c. Johnson's tank, upon reaching the point of contact, threw
a track and became immobilized. Realizing that he could do no more
as a driver, he climbed out of the vehicle, armed only with a .45
caliber pistol. Despite intense hostile fire, Sp5c. Johnson killed
several enemy soldiers before he had expended his ammunition. Returning
to his tank through a heavy volume of antitank rocket, small arms
and automatic weapons fire, he obtained a submachinegun with which
to continue his fight against the advancing enemy.
Armed with this weapon, Sp5c. Johnson again braved deadly enemy
fire to return to the center of the ambush site where he courageously
eliminated more of the determined foe. Engaged in extremely close
combat when the last of his ammunition was expended, he killed an
enemy soldier with the stock end of his submachinegun. Now weaponless,
Sp5c. Johnson ignored the enemy fire around him, climbed into his
platoon sergeant's tank, extricated a wounded crewmember and carried
him to an armored personnel carrier. He then returned to the same
tank and assisted in firing the main gun until it jammed.
In a magnificent display of courage, Sp5c. Johnson exited the tank
and again armed only with a .45 caliber pistol, engaged several
North Vietnamese troops in close proximity to the vehicle. Fighting
his way through devastating fire and remounting his own immobilized
tank, he remained fully exposed to the enemy as he bravely and skillfully
engaged them with the tank's externally-mounted .50 caliber machinegun;
where he remained until the situation was brought under control.
Sp5c. Johnson's profound concern for his fellow soldiers, at the
risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty are in keeping
with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect
great credit upon himself and the U.S. Army.
RALPH H. Rank and organization: Private First Class,
U.S. Marine Corps, Company A, 1st Reconnaissance Battalion, 1st
Marine Division (Rein), FMF. Place and date: Near the Quan Duc Valley,
Republic of Vietnam, 5 March 1968. Entered service at: Oakland,
Calif. Born: 11 January 1949, Charleston, S.C. Citation: For conspicuous
gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond
the call of duty while serving as a reconnaissance scout with Company
A, in action against the North Vietnamese Army and Viet Cong forces.
In the early morning hours during Operation ROCK, Pfc. Johnson was
a member of a 15-man reconnaissance patrol manning an observation
post on Hill 146 overlooking the Quan Duc Valley deep in enemy controlled
They were attacked by a platoon-size hostile force employing automatic
weapons, satchel charges and hand grenades. Suddenly, a hand grenade
landed in the 3-man fighting hole occupied by Pfc. Johnson and 2
fellow marines. Realizing the inherent danger to his 2 comrades,
he shouted a warning and unhesitatingly hurled himself upon the
explosive device. When the grenade exploded, Pfc. Johnson absorbed
the tremendous impact of the blast and was killed instantly. His
prompt and heroic act saved the life of 1 marine at the cost of
his life and undoubtedly prevented the enemy from penetrating his
sector of the patrol's perimeter. Pfc. Johnson's courage, inspiring
valor and selfless devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest
traditions of the Marine Corps and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly
gave his life for his country.
GARFIELD M. Rank and organization: Private First class,
U.S. Army, Troop C, 7th Squadron (Airmobile), 17th Cavalry, 1st
Aviation Brigade. place and date: pleiku province, Republic of Vietnam,
15 January 1969. Entered service at: Brooklyn, N.Y. Born: 10 September
1948, Cumberland, Va. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity
in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty.
Pfc. Langhorn distinguished himself while serving as a radio operator
with Troop C, near plei Djereng in pleiku province. Pfc. Langhorn's
platoon was inserted into a landing zone to rescue 2 pilots of a
Cobra helicopter shot down by enemy fire on a heavily timbered slope.
He provided radio coordination with the command-and-control aircraft
overhead while the troops hacked their way through dense undergrowth
to the wreckage, where both aviators were found dead. As the men
were taking the bodies to a pickup site, they suddenly came under
intense fire from North Vietnamese soldiers in camouflaged bunkers
to the front and right flank, and within minutes they were surrounded.
Pfc. Langhorn immediately radioed for help from the orbiting gunships,
which began to place minigun and rocket fire on the aggressors.
He then lay between the platoon leader and another man, operating
the radio and providing covering fire for the wounded who had been
moved to the center of the small perimeter. Darkness soon fell,
making it impossible for the gunships to give accurate support,
and the aggressors began to probe the perimeter. An enemy hand grenade
landed in front of Pfc. Langhorn and a few feet from personnel who
had become casualties.
Choosing to protect these wounded, he unhesitatingly threw himself
on the grenade, scooped it beneath his body and absorbed the blast.
By sacrificing himself, he saved the lives of his comrades. Pfc.
Langhorn's extraordinary heroism at the cost of his life was in
keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and
reflect great credit on himself, his unit, and the U.S. Army.