are several versions on the origin of the word "Carnival".
In the Milanise
dialect, Carnevale means "the time when the use of meat is
taken away", since Carnival is precisely the night before Ash
Wednesday. In Brazil, the event is the greatest popular cultural
manifestation besides soccer. It is a mixture of fun, party and
theater which involves art and folklore. In its origin, it basically
comes up as a street party. However, in most capitals, it ends up
restricted to closed spaces, such as clubs and "sambódromos".
The National Dance: Samba Everybody is looking forward
to Carnival. During that time of the year, life is a big party.
The streets come alive with vibrant colors, singing and dancing.
There is no barrier between the rich and the poor during carnival.
Everyone is caught up in the excitement and rhythm of the celebration.
Many people dress up in costumes. There is lively competition between
Samba schools during carnival as the winning school is the pride
of the country.
A country so rich in culture, Samba is the best of these Brazilian
cultures. Samba is part of every Brazilian's DNA. In any city of
any state in the country, Samba is present. In every house, at every
Through the Samba, anyone can get to know a little bit of the Brazilian
story, as Samba is the most faithful portrait of Brazil and its
people. Samba is more than just a form of musical expression or
rhythm; Samba is a way of life.
The word Samba comes from the word semba, found in many of the Bantu
languages of West Africa. For the African slaves who were brought
to Brazil, the word semba had a variety of meanings such as prayer,
or to invoke the spirit of their ancestors or gods of their religions.
As an adjective, it could mean regret, sadness, something like the
southern blues of the USA.
In Brazil, Samba is a woman with the function of an ekedi nagô
in the Bantu temples: the blessed dancer, iaô, the daughter
of a saint. African slaves used Samba to refer to the religious
ceremony characterized by the rhythm and choreography of the Bantuque.
Even today, the Jongo, a variation of Samba, is considered a religious
The first time the word Samba appeared written in the Portuguese
language meaning a rhythm and a dance was in 1838 in the newspaper
O Carpuceiro, in an article written by the priest Lopes Gama.
It is said that Samba originated in Bahia and later been brought
to Rio de Janeiro by slaves; abandoned by their masters. Nevertheless,
Rio became the capital of Samba.
The first official recording of a Samba was in 1917 by Ernesto dos
Santos "Donga" and his song by Telephone. Through organizations
called Samba Schools, the rhythm came into existence for all Brazilians,
mulattos, African Brazilians, whites, mestizos and immigrants.
One of Samba's pioneers, Angenor de Oliveira said: when I was jung,
we played Samba in the yards and the police frequently appeared
to interrupt, because in these days Samba was associated with vagabond
and bandits. Even today, the so called Brazilian elite puts down
this culture; most probably because it is not a culture brought
by the magnificent European colonists, not understanding the economic
benefit and value it brings to Brazil as an export and some of the
best PR. Ask anyone in the world about Blues, and they will tell
you USA. Source
Given the vast coast of Chile, it's a small wonder that the
national cuisine is heavily
based on the fruits of the sea. Almost everywhere, excluding towns
deep inland, you can find fresh seafood. The predominant dishes often
come with rice and feature clams, mussels, sea urchins, Chilean sea
bass and abalone. Meat dishes tend to be Spanish-based with local
modifications. Empanadas (cheese, meat, or seafood turnovers) are
common, along with humitas -grated fresh corn pudding with basil.
Perhaps the most loved dish is Pastel de Choclo, a beef and chicken
pie topped with a sweet corn mixture and baked in an
individual clay pot. Other national dishes include porotos (semi-ripe
beans cooked with green beans), corn, squash and basilandcazuelaa
Chilean stew made with chicken or beef.
Santiago is very much a bar and pub city, though there are several
discos. Santiagans enjoy heading out to their favorite haunt, perhaps
to listen to some live guitar or jazz. Going to the theater is also
big in Santiago, though if you don't speak Spanish the experience
will obviously be diminished. Source