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Speed Must Be Put Back Into DOD, Hyten Says

Jan. 17, 2020 | BY Terri Moon Cronk , DOD News

As long as he is vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Air Force Gen. John E. Hyten said he will make sure speed is put back into every element of the Pentagon.

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Sailors stand watch while a T-45C Goshawk training aircraft lands on the flight deck of the USS John C. Stennis in the Atlantic Ocean, Dec. 9, 2019.
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Inserting speed into everything the Defense Department does is a priority, the vice chairman told the Center for Strategic and International Studies today in a discussion on "the growing security challenges posed by U.S. strategic competitors."

"When you look at our competitors, large and small, one of the things you find they have in common is they're moving very, very fast. And we are not," Hyten said.

 

General testifies in Senate hearing.
Hyten Meeting
Air Force Gen. John E, Hyten, vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, appears July 30, 2019, as then commander, U.S. Strategic Command, before a Senate Armed Services Committee hearing on his nomination to become vice chairman, in Washington, D.C.
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DOD has built processes over the years that by design are not built for speed, he noted. "By design, they're built to remove risk, and if you have a process designed to remove risk, you have something that is very … bureaucratic." Strategic competitors such as China and North Korea are examples of what consistent, coherent strategies and the ability to go fast means, Hyten said.

Unlike 40 years ago, China has a powerful economy today. "China was a friend until a few years ago. China was not a great power competitor. Their military strategy was focused on countering the United States and our allies in the 1990s," the general said. "Their economic strategy is tied very tightly to their military, because every technology that's in China is available for military use."

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A Marine with Marine Rotational Force Europe 20.1, Marine Forces Europe and Africa, fires a shoulder-launched multipurpose assault weapon during a live-fire range in Setermoen, Norway, Nov. 6, 2019.
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North Korea is also going fast and is the 115th most powerful economy in world out of more than 190 nations, he said, adding that their ballistic missiles and nuclear missiles have seen more success than before.

"If you want to go fast in the missile business, you need to test fast, fly fast, learn fast," Hyten said. "North Korea learned from their failures, they changed systems and subsystems, and … North Korea has been building new missiles, new capabilities, new weapons as fast as anybody on the planet."

Speed itself is efficiency, and speed builds capability and puts savings into programs, he said. 

"But you have to be able to accept failure. And if the dictator of North Korea has learned how to accept failure, why can't the United States learn how to accept failure?" Hyten said.

The United States needs to understand what failures are and learn from them by moving quickly from those mistakes, he said.

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Cloudy Exit
Air Force Capt. Andrew “Dojo” Olson, commander of the F-35 Demonstration Team, performs a high-speed pass during the Oregon International Airshow in McMinnville, Ore., Sept. 21, 2019.
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"I look back at hypersonics, and we're now in a significant competition with a number of competitors around the world," he said as an example.

The nation was ahead in hypersonics a decade ago when the two programs failed. We instituted multiyear studies into the failure process, and then cancelled the program, Hyten said, adding, "That's not how you go fast."

Every time we have a launch failure, we stop for years at a time to recover, he said. 

With a $700 billion defense budget, we should be able to create the environment of peace in the world. To do that, we have to compete in the world and that means we have to go fast again."
Air Force Gen. John E. Hyten, vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

If we don't have human life involved, we have to figure out how to go fast, how to adjust, how to learn quickly, how to move fast. "And we have to do that across our entire enterprise, and we're not doing that," the general said, adding that we must learn to take risks.

"The commercial sector is starting to lead the world in many areas.  Were starting to embrace that, but not fully yet. We've got to embrace the elements of this country that are going fast, where we know how to do things," he said.

Commercially, we're the leader in information technology in the world, "but we haven't learned how to do that in the DOD. … We have to allow people in acquisition to take risks and not delegate the responsibilities to the people who are executing programs," the general said.

But DOD is making progress in acquisitions and through the military services. "Now we have to align the rest of the department to those initiatives and take advantage of it," Hyten said.

Defense leaders speak with troops.
Romania Visit
Air Force Gen. John E. Hyten, vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, center, and Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chairman Ramon 'CZ' Colon-Lopez, center left, speak to soldiers of 1st Battalion, 5th Cavalry Regiment during the chairman's annual USO tour at Mihail Kogalniceanu Air Base, Romania, Jan. 7, 2020.
Photo By: Army Spc. Ethan Valetski
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"We should be able to protect ourselves against any threat. We should be able to deter any adversary from taking action against us," the vice chairman said.

"With a $700 billion defense budget, we should be able to create the environment of peace in the world. To do that, we have to compete in the world and that means we have to go fast again," Hyten said.