News   Partnerships

DOD Supports African Partner Nations in Multiple Ways

May 1, 2020 | BY David Vergun , DOD News

''In my visits to Africa, I've had the opportunity to meet several of our partners in places such as Ghana and Benin,'' said the deputy assistant secretary of defense for African Affairs. 

''I've also had the opportunity to meet rising leaders from our partner militaries, such as Tunisia – including a recent graduate of the U.S. Air Force Academy,'' said Peter Marocco. ''I've also had the honor to see some of our troops on the continent and I can tell you, our partnership remains strong, and fueled by our shared interests and values. It is shored by quality exchanges that build mutual capacity and readiness. 

Service members from two nations are wearing personal protective equipment masks and greet each other with an elbow bump.
Elbow Bump
A South African military official and U.S. Navy Captain Steven Morgenfeld, the senior defense attaché at the U.S. embassy, mark the delivery of N95 surgical masks provided to the Military Health Service by the U.S. Embassy in Pretoria, South Africa, April 23, 2020, with an elbow-bump greeting.
Photo By: Army Lt. Col. Al Phillips, U.S. Army National Guard
VIRIN: 200423-Z-MG741-1003

''The U.S. military's commitment to our partners is vast – taking many forms,'' he continued, adding that the department employs an array of cooperative activities, including training, support to bilateral and multilateral dialogues, exercises, security cooperation and intelligence sharing.

''We plan to maintain engagement across a wide spectrum of activities to address terrorist threats on the continent,'' he said. ''We will continue to work by, with, and through local partners and allies to combat transnational threats and minimize the malign influence of non-African powers.''

Firefighters in full firefighting gear are sitting in a vehicle.
Firefighter Training
Firefighters from the New York Air National Guard's 109th Airlift Wing, which is based at Stratton Air National Guard Base near Schenectady, N.Y., train at Table Mountain National Park in Cape Town, South Africa, Nov. 20, 2019. The New York National Guard sent 11 firefighters from the 109th to South Africa as part of the State Partnership Program between the New York National Guard and the South African National Defense Force.
Photo By: Army Lt. Col. Al Phillips, U.S. Army National Guard
VIRIN: 191120-Z-MG742-1003

The National Defense Strategy reinforces partner-centric strategies and approaches to strengthen our partners' defense capabilities, he noted. ''We will continue to use a variety of tools to work closely with African and other international partners to achieve several policy goals including capacity-building programs, security assistance, military equipment sales, education and exercises.''

Last year, 567 African partners were trained in U.S. military schools through the State Department's International Military Education and Training Program. That number of students represented 29% of the global total in this program, according to a U.S. Africa Command statement, April 30. This year’s training, however, was interrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic.

A Navy nurse takes a patient's temperature.
Temperature Taker
U.S. Navy Lt. Gail Evangelista, a nurse, with the Naval Hospital Rota, Spain, takes a patient’s temperature at the Michaud Expeditionary Medical Facility at Camp Lemonnier, Djibouti, April 16, 2020.
Photo By: Air Force Senior Airman Dylan Murakami
VIRIN: 200416-F-LN908-1031

The statement mentioned some of the many cooperative activities the department is and has taken with African partners:

  • DOD provided COVID-19 humanitarian assistance to partner nations in U.S. AFRICOM's area of responsibility, including: laboratory consumables to Ethiopia and Ghana; test kit reagents to Guinea; personal protective equipment to South Africa; transfer of PPE to laboratory technicians in Rabat, Morocco; and, field hospitals and ambulances to Ghana, Mauritania, Senegal and Uganda.
  • The Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch is developing COVID-19-specific surveillance projects with several African nations, including Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, to understand how the disease is spreading or decreasing via herd immunity.
  • On Jan. 22, the department turned over a new C-130 hangar to Niger's air force. Construction was funded by the State Department and was built by local citizens and other workers.
  • On Jan. 23, DOD delivered six MD-530F Cayuse Warrior helicopters to Kenya's army.
  • In February, about 1,600 service members from the U.S. and 30 African nations participated in Exercise Flintlock 2020 throughout Mauritania and Senegal. Later, scheduled exercises with a number of nations were canceled because of COVID-19 concerns.
  • On March 15, the destroyer USS Carney conducted a port visit to Cape Town, South Africa, to help build maritime safety and security partnership with that nation's navy.
  • In cooperation with the government of Somalia, DOD has conducted 39 airstrikes this year, as of April 28, against al-Shabaab terrorists, as well as their fighting positions, infrastructure and equipment.
  • This summer, DOD is planning to train Nigerian Air Force pilots and maintenance personnel on the A-29 Super Tucano aircraft at Moody Air Force Base, Georgia.

Soldier is in full battle gear in a Humvee holding a gun.
Humvee Inspection
U.S. Army Pfc. Brodi Woodworth, a driver and gunner for 3rd Platoon, Delta Company, Task Force Guardian, with the Combined Joint Task Force – Horn of Africa, performs a pre-combat inspection on a Humvee M1152, at Camp Lemonnier, Djibouti, Feb. 4, 2020.
Photo By: Air Force Senior Airman Dylan Murakami
VIRIN: 200204-F-LN908-0001

There are currently about 6,000 DOD personnel, including military, civilians and contractors in U.S. Africom's area of responsibility. Of those, about 3,000 are at Camp Lemonnier, Djibouti. The rest maintain a presence at 11 non-permanent cooperative security locations, ready to provide a crisis response if needed.

Also, the National Guard has a State Partnership Program, whereby select U.S. states conduct military-to-military engagements with specific nations aligned with those states. 

Similar humanitarian work is being done by DOD across all of the other combatant commands around the globe.