News   Lethality

DOD Must Rethink, Prioritize Strategic Deterrence

Oct. 21, 2020 | BY TERRI MOON CRONK , DOD News

The nation has not seriously considered the possibility of engaging in competition through a crisis or possible direct armed conflict with a nuclear-capable armed adversary in more than 25 years, Navy Adm. Charles "Chas" A. Richard, the commander of the U.S. Strategic Command said today.

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The commander spoke virtually in a keynote address to the International Security at the Nuclear Nexus seminar hosted by the Center for Strategic and International Studies.

"Given Russia and China's expanding capabilities in increasingly aggressive behavior, and those posed by nuclear North Korea and possibly Iran, we must reinvigorate the national conversation on the importance of strategic deterrence," he said.

During the last 30 years, however, the Defense Department has focused on capabilities-based development and planning, because there was no existential threat, he said. "Our post-Cold War experiences of operating in uncontested domains are over. Our adversaries took advantage of this period, emboldened … their aggressive behavior, expanded their capabilities and reconsidered their tactics and strategies." 

But, as the commander in charge of employing strategic deterrence capabilities for the nation and U.S. allies, Richard said he simply doesn't have the luxury of assuming a crisis conflict or war won't happen. 

Two military leaders look at munitions at a military base.
Commander Talk
Navy Adm. Charles A. Richard, the commander of the U.S. Strategic Command, left, and Air Force Gen. Timothy M. Ray, the commander of the Air Force Global Strike Command, looked at munitions during Richard's visit to Barksdale Air Force Base, La., Sept. 21, 2020. Touring the 2nd Bomb Wing, Air Force Global Strike Command and 8th Air Force allowed Richard to see how the wing, major command and numbered Air Force support Stratcom as a global warfighting combatant command.
Photo By: Air Force Airman 1st Class Jacob Wrightsman
VIRIN: 200921-F-LC363-2081M

"I know I painted a pretty sobering picture, but I really want to highlight the reality in front of us. It's also important to understand how our modernization programs support and integrate with our efforts to rethink how we do strategic deterrence," he noted.

The admiral said the DOD must prioritize the sustainment modernization of U.S. intercontinental ballistic missile bombers, ballistic missile submarines, weapons complex and its nuclear command, control and communications systems, also known as NC3.

Richard said he is committed to investing in modernizing NC3 systems to be more robust and survivable against physical, electromagnetic and cyber attacks. 

To shape the strategic environment to the U.S.' advantage, the DOD must first face the reality that its adversaries have blurred the lines between conventional and nuclear conflict, and have developed capabilities to directly challenge the strategy, doctrine and advantages the United States has held as a nation and alliance. 

"We can no longer expect our potential adversaries to act within our long-standing, self-imposed constraints based on our rule sets or values, particularly between conventional and nuclear," he said.

Two military leaders look at a B-52H Stratofortress at a military base.
Air Show
Air Force Gen. Timothy M. Ray, the commander of Air Force Global Strike Command, left, showcases a B-52H Stratofortress to Navy Adm. Charles A. Richard, the U.S. Strategic Command commander, during Richard's visit to Barksdale Air Force Base, La., Sept. 21, 2020. Richard toured units within the 2nd Bomb Wing, Air Force Global Strike Command and 8th Air Force to learn more about their specific mission sets and how they play a part in delivering a dominant strategic force and innovative team to maintain the nation’s enduring strength, prevent and prevail in great power conflicts and grow the intellectual capital to forge 21st-century strategic deterrence.
Photo By: Air Force Airman 1st Class Jacob B. Wrightsman
VIRIN: 200921-F-LC363-2090M

Richard has challenged Stratcom to revise its 21st-century strategic deterrence theory that considers U.S. adversaries' decision calculus and behaviors and identifies threat indicators or conditions that could indicate potential actions. Crafting this revised theory, he added, minimizes risks inherent in competing against another nuclear-armed state. 

"It's an exhaustive assessment to fully account for current conditions, emerging capabilities, changing norms and rule sets, and potentially unintended outcomes within a spectrum of conflict," he noted. 

"By the end of the decade, if not sooner, we will face two nuclear-capable peer adversaries who have to be deterred differently. We've never had to face that situation in our history," Richard said.

Additionally, the DOD must engage in the environment early to shape its potential adversaries' actions, using a synchronized whole-of-government and integrated global mindset, he said. 

"Our ability for globally integrated planning, communications and execution in a defined, shared understanding of the threat and what we do about it may be our last remaining advantage over the adversary," the Stratcom commander said.

Navy Adm. Charles A. Richard speaks to reporters at Pentagon.
Richard Talk
The commander of U.S. Strategic Command, Navy Adm. Charles A. "Chas" Richard, provides an update on the command's mission and readiness during the COVID-19 pandemic, Sept. 14, 2020, in the Pentagon Press Briefing Room, Washington, D.C.
Photo By: Lisa Ferdinando, DOD
VIRIN: 200914-D-BN624-0004

The DOD must advance its abilities to integrate its coordination processes across the globe and across all domains, Richard said, adding that will include rethinking how DOD executes its NC3. 

"As advanced kinetic capabilities are developed, we must have the ability to detect, identify, track and integrate our command and control architecture. NC3 architecture is a patchwork of deliberate systems that have been piecemealed over decades, [and] it works quite well, but it needs to be updated," he said.