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Military, Medical Leaders Discuss COVID-19 Issues With Service Members

Feb. 5, 2021 | BY Terri Moon Cronk , DOD News

Top military and medical officials gathered yesterday for a virtual town hall meeting with service members and their families to discuss COVID-19 vaccinations.

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Among those speaking at the webinar were Army Gen. Mark A. Milley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases; and Army Lt. Gen. (Dr.) Ronald J. Place, director of the Defense Health Agency. The event was hosted by Blue Star Families and the American Red Cross.

In a recorded address, Milley and wife Hollyanne Milley said they are committed to protecting the military's 2.3 million men and women and 2.7 family members from COVID-19. 

He also noted that the National Institutes of Health and the Food and Drug Administration have declared the vaccines as "safe and highly effective" but he acknowledged that getting the vaccine is a personal decision. 

"We both encourage you to consult your primary-care physician to address any concerns ... so you can be well-equipped to make the right decision for you and your family," Milley said. "Protect yourself, protect your families and protect our communities. Together, we can all lead the way for the nation in the fight against COVID-19."

A soldier holds a vial between his fingers.
COVID-19 Vaccine
Army Spc. Angel Laureano holds a vial of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in Bethesda, Md., Dec. 14, 2020.
Photo By: Lisa Ferdinando, DOD
VIRIN: 201214-D-BN624-0811C

The global and historic respiratory pandemic is the first in the United States in 102 years, Fauci said. It has killed more than 2 million people worldwide, infected more than 20 million U.S. people, and left about 430,000 dead. 

Fauci also said that while the virus appears to be plateauing, the nation is still in its grips. There are still between 100,000 and 200,000 new cases each day and 3,000 to 4,000 deaths per day.

The vaccine development has met significant success with 32 million injections being administered, so far, Fauci said.

Late yesterday, Johnson & Johnson became the third company to receive an emergency use authorization for a new vaccine. Moderna and Pfizer received authorizations for their vaccines in December, and both are being administered across the country. 

An older service member sits in a chair while a younger service member  leans down and administers the vaccine.
Vaccination Time
Marine Corps Col. George Markert, chief of staff of 2nd Marine Logistics Group, receives the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine at Camp Lejeune, N.C., Jan. 28, 2021. Senior leaders volunteered to get the vaccine to show confidence in the safety and efficacy of the vaccine.
Photo By: Marine Corps Cpl. Rachel Young-Porter
VIRIN: 210128-M-ZV140-1400A

The Moderna and Pfizer vaccines offer 94% to 95% effectiveness from developing COVID-19 and thwart nearly 100% of severe disease leading to death, Fauci said. 

The Johnson & Johnson vaccine had not received emergency use authorization when Fauci made his remarks.

"The results are extraordinary," he said.

Fauci fielded questions and debunked myths from those who fear the vaccine was developed too quickly to be safe and that corners were cut to make it available.

The speed of the vaccine's development is due to extraordinary technological advances that go back 10 years, he said, adding that neither safety nor scientific integrity was sacrificed. He urged people to get the vaccine, especially those who are at increased risk because they are immunocompromised due to chronic disease.

Two soldiers wearing face masks and gloves use syringes to draw medicine from a small bottle.
Preparing A Vaccine
Army Spc. Kailee Soares prepares a dose of the COVID-19 vaccine during a drive to vaccinate Hawaii National Guardsmen assigned to the COVID-19 response in the town of Hanapepe on Hawaii's Kauai island, Jan. 12, 2021. The Hawaii National Guard's Joint Task Force continued its COVID-19 vaccinations of soldiers and airmen assigned to support Kauai County. The vaccines and the National Guard medical team were airlifted to Kauai County via a Hawaii Army National Guard Black Hawk.
Photo By: Air Force Master Sgt. Andrew Jackson, Hawaii Air National Guard
VIRIN: 210112-Z-IX631-004

"If you look at the safety of any vaccine, the risk-to-benefit ratio for safety is about the same [as the COVID vaccine]," he said, adding that allergic reactions to getting the vaccine are rare.

The vaccines by Pfizer and Moderna that are now available are for people 18 and older, although Fauci said trials are beginning for certain younger age groups and pregnant women. He also said babies in utero will receive the vaccine antibodies from the mother, and infants will receive them from moms who breastfeed.

Fauci said it is impossible to get COVID-19 from the vaccine, and it will "absolutely not" enter into a person's DNA. 

Instead, the vaccine comprises messenger-RNA, Fauci said.

A gloved hand uses a syringe to draw fluid from a small bottle.
Vaccine Prep
Navy Seaman Milan Torres, a hospitalman, prepares a dose of the COVID-19 vaccine to be administered to a patient at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in Bethesda, Md., Dec. 14, 2020.
Photo By: Lisa Ferdinando, DOD
VIRIN: 201214-D-BN624-0823

"RNA [ribonucleic acid] is the general molecular mechanism where we make all of the proteins and cells in our body. mRNA — the 'm' stands for messenger — is a message to tell the body to make a protein. When you get an mRNA vaccine, you stick in the coding sequence to make one of the components of COVID, which is called the spike protein," he said. "And the spike protein is the part that sticks out from the virus, which makes it look like a crown. When the mRNA codes for that protein [are injected] into your muscle, it starts to code for protein, and the body sees the spike protein and thinks it's the virus. But it's not the virus. It's one harmless component of the virus."

Fauci said when the real virus tries to enter your body, you have a bunch of proteins called antibodies that jump all over that virus and prevent it from infecting you.

"And that's the reason why many of you hear me every day in the media saying when your turn comes up, please get vaccinated — both for your own safety and for that of your family and for the American community in general," Fauci said.

The Defense Health Agency director said service members and their family members 18 and older have some options for where to get the vaccine. Military treatment facilities and community resources — such as state, county and local outlets — can provide it.

An airman wearing a face mask and gloves prepares a COVID-19 vaccine.
Vaccine Prep
Air Force Staff. Sgt. Bryan Almonacid, assigned to the 45th Medical Group as an allergy and immunizations noncommissioned officer in charge, prepares a COVID-19 vaccine at Patrick Space Force Base, Fla., Jan. 14, 2021. The 45th Medical Group administered the first round of the vaccine in accordance with the Defense Department's COVID-19 vaccine distribution plan.
Photo By: Air Force Airman First Class Thomas Sjoberg, Space Force
VIRIN: 210114-X-QO603-1101

"We're doing several things," Place said. "We're encouraging individuals to get vaccine [information] like this discussion today. We're directing people to their state, county and local resources. We're working with our health care contractors to ensure communication flows from individual providers to their patients. And we're reaching out through military service organizations … to help steer families in the right direction."

By attending the webinar, Place said, audience members are educated as ambassadors to share what they've learned. "I hope you share what you hear today with others," because data show the likelihood of individuals receiving this vaccine and sharing their experiences have a statistically significant effect on the likelihood of family, friends and colleagues deciding to get the vaccine, he said.

"For almost 12 long months, we've been in this — bound together — and the only way out of it is together," Place said.