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Tennessee Air Guard Imagery Analysis Supports Hurricane Relief Effort

By Air Force Master Sgt. Robin Brown Tennessee National Guard

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NASHVILLE, Tenn., Sept. 18, 2017 — Members of the Tennessee Air National Guard's 118th Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Group based at Joint Base Berry Field here are supporting the Federal Emergency Management Agency's relief efforts in response to Hurricanes Harvey and Irma.

Hurricane damage assessment
An intelligence officer for the 118th Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Group based at Joint Base Berry Field in Nashville, Tenn., assesses areas in Puerto Rico without power, Sept. 15, 2017. The box in the top right of his screen is a NASA image, and the main image reflects the power situation at the time. Tennessee Air National Guard photo
Hurricane damage assessment TN Air Nat. Guard provides imagery analysis to support hurricane relief efforts
An intelligence officer for the 118th Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Group based at Joint Base Berry Field in Nashville, Tenn., assesses areas in Puerto Rico without power, Sept. 15, 2017. The box in the top right of his screen is a NASA image, and the main image reflects the power situation at the time. Tennessee Air National Guard photo

The 118th ISRG is working with other units across the country to process, analyze and disseminate images and video of hurricane-damaged areas to aid in recovery efforts. The unit is providing damage assessment to FEMA for areas in Texas, Florida and Puerto Rico, using images to identify and prioritize critical-need areas, a 118th ISRG intelligence officer explained. The name of the officer, a captain, is being withheld for security reasons because of the unit's intelligence mission.

Most of the images are gathered from open-source information from the Civil Air Patrol, as well as from military and civilian aircraft relaying aerial imagery. The 118th is assisting with image and video compilation and is identifying heavily damaged areas where people may be stranded.

Getting the Big Picture

"After aircraft have flown over and documented the damage, that information comes to us," said a geospatial analyst with the 118th ISRG, a senior airman whose name also is withheld because of the unit's intelligence mission. "We are sort of the nexus for information to get the bigger picture to those on the ground who are providing rescue and recovery operations." The 118th put together 'before' and 'after' images to aid in determining the level of damage. Each unit involved in the effort is assigned different areas to assess damage and identify critical areas.

The Nashville unit was tasked with a few oil refineries during Hurricane Harvey relief efforts. After Hurricane Irma, the unit was tasked with Puerto Rico. The unit developed a power outage map using NASA images and facilitated Puerto Rico National Guard recovery efforts.

One of the geospatial analyst's tasks was to check the conditions of airfields in Puerto Rico and determine whether aircraft could land there for recovery operations.

"There were no issues, so if they need to land there, it is safe," said the analyst, who serves as a police officer when not on duty with the National Guard.

The 118th ISRG normally is assigned missions from the active-duty Air Force. Something that sets the National Guard apart from its active duty counterparts is its ability to provide support at a state level during times of natural disasters, he said.

"It is nice to support a state mission," he added. "I enjoy serving my country both as a police officer and as a member of the Air National Guard. I love helping people."

The intelligence officer agreed.

"Helping out our own people who are suffering and need assistance is more personal," said the captain, who works full-time with the National Guard. "It is very fulfilling to use our skill set during a natural disaster."