WASHINGTON, Nov. 2, 2016 —
The Pentagon’s Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation office is at the forefront of pushing innovation and cost savings in the department.
The office unveiled its new “FlexFile” program yesterday. It will be applied across the department, and it gives estimators the tools needed to evaluate huge DoD programs for the 21st century.
CAPE, as the office is known in the building, advises defense leaders on all aspects of the department. Among their duties is evaluating the cost-effectiveness of defense programs and acquisitions.
1960s Data Tables
To do this, estimators need information from contractors, and until now, that meant information in tables designed in the 1960s, officials said. FlexFile is the infrastructure and process that allows contractors and CAPE to replace the archaic tables with modern data structures, they explained.
The demonstration of the capability was with a suitably large program: the F-35 Lot 3 procurement. CAPE and contractor Lockheed Martin worked together on the project.
Every DoD contract has reporting requirements that allow CAPE personnel to evaluate the contract costs. “We rely on historical data,” said Steve Miller, director of the office’s Advanced Systems Cost Analysis Division. “Cost and software data reports are the tables designed in the 1960s that industry provides to us on major defense acquisition programs today.”
Before FlexFile, the reports required a lot of manual inputs by the contractors. This required a lot of checking and rechecking to ensure the accuracy of the data, and then it had to be hand-formatted and manually uploaded to CAPE.
Dave Marzo -- CAPE’s F-35 cost lead, who has worked closely with Lockheed in implementing the FlexFile for F-35 -- showed a huge three-ring binder filled with hundreds of pages of today’s tables. Bess Dopkeen, the program manager and the driving force for the Cost Assessment Data Enterprise, leads the broader effort at CAPE to transform the way the department collects data from contractors.
“It’s like a 1040,” Miller said. “Everybody’s tax form has to look the same. But because of the manual piece to it, there is some subjectivity in every report.”
The idea was to make reporting easier for industry to do, and CAPE employees worked closely with industry partners to take the labor-intensive work out of the process. FlexFile makes the data easier to produce and makes it easier for CAPE to evaluate. The process reduces errors and “gives a better picture of these major programs,” Miller said.
“It was a two-year process that still continues,” he added. “The reason why we couldn’t do it 10 years ago is that the IT systems had to mature enough to make it possible. On the industry side, it is the earned-value systems and accounting systems -- the big automated IT systems. On our side, it’s the new ‘Big Data’ analysis products that enable us to digest and analyze these enormous data sets from industry.”
Industry was an integral part of the effort, Miller said. “Lockheed was the first with FlexFile, and we credit them with initiating this effort,” he added, “but all the big corporations have bought into it.”
Lockheed is also pleased with the results. Dave Demoret, the director of program control at the company, called FlexFile “the first-of-its-kind important data transformation initiative.”
“The ability to provide the DoD with more meaningful, flexible and analytical data while decreasing the administrative burden on industry is a significant win for all involved,” he said. “We look forward to continuing supporting this transformational initiative as it moves forward.”
CAPE, along with the rest of the Pentagon, is going through a headquarters reduction, and more are planned. “We have to do these things with fewer people and faster,” Miller said.
FlexFile will be the “new 1040” for industry. “We designed it from the get-go to be a win-win for both industry and government,” Miller said. “It provides us with better insight and better-quality information. For them, it is much easier to produce.”
The documents and reports are the foundations of doing cost estimates, officials said, the basis for all the office’s budget projections and decisions.
The F-35 is a particularly good test for FlexFile, they added, noting that it is a very complex aircraft and acquisition item. FlexFile needed to accommodate three variants and the major systems aboard them. “It’s not one single report, it is multiple reports -- hundreds of them -- and it is a huge burden,” Miller said.
“The new system will allow evaluators to do ‘custom pulls’ of that data,” Marzo said. “Right now we have to wade through archaic tables.”
Dr. Jamie Morin, CAPE’s director, also highlighted the significance of getting a FlexFile from the F-35.
“The F-35 is the department’s largest acquisition program,” he said. “If we can find a way to streamline data collection for the incredibly complex F-35, then we can do it with any program. We look forward to continuing to work with Lockheed Martin to further refine our processes as well as expanding to additional contractors and weapon system programs.”
More than a 1040
“FlexFile is really more than a 1040,” Miller said. “It is more like the electronic 1040 that most filers use today. It may take 80 hours to prepare one report the old way. By using FlexFile, that time is cut to eight.”
Going back to the contractor’s native data means less need for manual checking and rechecking, he explained.
“Since the system is already audited, you don’t have those issues,” Miller said, “because you are not introducing those manual components where the errors occurred.”
CAPE is phasing the FlexFile program into new contracts, and the office encourages companies in older contracts to join the program, officials said.
(Follow Jim Garamone on Twitter: @GaramoneDoDNews)