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Medal of Honor Monday: Sgt. Maj. Thomas "Patrick" Payne

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In October 2015, Army Ranger Sgt. Maj. Thomas "Patrick" Payne played an integral role in carrying out one of the largest hostage rescues in U.S. military history. Five years later, he's now America's most recent recipient of the Medal of Honor. 

Payne was born on April 2, 1984, and grew up in Batesburg-Leesville and Lugoff, two towns on opposite sides of Columbia, South Carolina. Payne once called the area the kind of place where you hunted, fished and played sports to stay out of trouble.

But he was also interested in service. His father was a police officer, and his brothers served in the Army and Air Force. When the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks occurred during his senior year of high school, he felt a strong urge to serve, too.

A picture of Army Sgt. Maj. Thomas "Patrick" Payne.
Army Sgt. Maj. Thomas "Patrick" Payne
Sgt. Maj. Thomas "Patrick" Payne, an Army Ranger assigned to U.S. Army Special Operations Command, will receive the Medal of Honor after he risked his life to save dozens of hostages facing imminent execution by ISIS fighters in northern Iraq in 2015.
Photo By: K. Kassens, Army
VIRIN: 200904-A-ZZ999-001

On July 25, 2002, Payne enlisted in the Army. He hoped to become a Ranger — a reality that came true after he passed the selection process about a year later. 

Payne served with the 75th Ranger Regiment as a sniper until November 2007, when he was selected for assignment to Army Special Operations Command and stationed at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. Payne has been serving numerous roles there ever since and has deployed 17 times, including tours to Iraq, Afghanistan and Africa.

Trials and Accolades

Before earning the Medal of Honor, Payne had already made a name for himself. He earned the Purple Heart after a grenade blast seriously injured him during a 2010 mission in Afghanistan. The injury was debilitating, but he pushed through rehab and saw his strength return thanks to his father and his future wife, Alison, whom he met during recovery. 

Two soaked soldiers in life vests carry a large camouflaged bag.
Partner Competition
Army Sgt. Maj. Thomas “Patrick” Payne, right, and his partner compete during the third day of the 2012 Best Ranger Competition, which they won.
Photo By: Courtesy of Army Sgt. Maj. Thomas P. Payne
VIRIN: 120416-O-ZZ999-078C

Payne returned to such great shape that he won the 2012 Army Best Ranger Competition. The grueling competition pits several of the Army's elite two-man teams against each other during 60 hours of nonstop events that push them to their physical and mental limits.

The Rescue

A little over three years later, Payne was serving with Combined Joint Task Force Operation Inherent Resolve in Iraq. On Oct. 22, 2015, he was part of a daring nighttime hostage rescue in the northern town of Hawija. Their mission: to free dozens of Iraqi hostages held at a prison by ISIS. Many of them were captured Iraqi security forces personnel, and the task force had learned that they were under imminent threat of execution. 

When given the go order, Payne, his teammates and several Kurdish Special Forces partners loaded onto CH-47 Chinook helicopters and were dropped at the prison, which almost immediately erupted in battle. 

Then-Sgt. 1st Class Payne was the assistant leader of a team tasked with clearing one of two buildings that housed the hostages. After scaling a wall to get into the compound, they cleared the building quickly with minimal resistance. The team then used bolt cutters to break two locks on a door to an area that held 38 hostages, who were freed and taken to safety. 

A soldier stands in a field while holding an automatic rifle.
Thomas Patrick Payne
Then-Staff Sgt. Thomas Patrick Payne pulls security while on a deployment in Afghanistan in 2010. Payne, an Army Ranger, received the Medal of Honor after he risked his life to save dozens of hostages facing imminent execution by ISIS fighters in northern Iraq in 2015.
Photo By: Courtesy of the U.S. Army
VIRIN: 200911-A-ZZ999-1113C

Payne's team then heard an urgent radio call from other members of the coalition who needed backup. They were involved in an intense firefight while trying to clear the second building, which was on fire. 

Payne and his team didn't hesitate to go. They scrambled about 30 yards through the gunfire-laden compound and, while dodging bullets and avoiding flames, ran up a ladder to the second building's roof in search of an entrance.

Payne tossed grenades and shot at the enemy fighters below, who started blowing up their suicide vests. The blasts shook the building, so Payne and his team got off the roof and continued the fight on the ground, looking for another way in. 

As he glanced through the building's entryway, Payne noticed a door that had similar locks to the one he had just forced open in the other building. He knew time was running out for the hostages inside, so he quickly grabbed the bolt cutters and pushed through an intense barrage of gunfire, heat and smoke to get to the door.

A soldier holding a weapon sits in a desert like area.
Soldier Photo
Army Sgt. Maj. Thomas "Patrick" Payne conducting a security patrol while on a mission in northern Afghanistan in 2014.
Photo By: Courtesy photo
VIRIN: 200909-D-ZZ999-809M

Payne was able to cut through the first of two locks before smoke forced him to run back out. He handed the bolt cutters to an Iraqi coalition partner, who took over the effort. When that man needed a break for air, Payne returned to the task, sheared off the second lock and kicked the door open. 

The building was crumbling around them, so the team was ordered to evacuate. Payne, however, refused to do so until all 37 hostages inside had gotten out. He even went back into the intense smoke three times — at one point forcing out a hostage who was too scared to move — to make sure the area was clear.

Getting away from the compound wasn't easy, either. Coalition forces had to create a human wall to shield the disoriented hostages from enemy fire as they moved. They were able to cram all 75 captives onto the helicopters, making it one of the largest hostage rescues in history.

The mission left one U.S. soldier, Master Sgt. Joshua Wheeler, dead. Payne later named his second son Josh in Wheeler's honor.


Payne was initially awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for his courage that day, but it was upgraded to the Medal of Honor. Payne, now a sergeant major, received the medal in a ceremony at the White House on Sept. 11, 2020 — the anniversary of the date that compelled him to enlist so many years before.

A man puts the medal of honor around the neck of another man.
Medal of Honor
President Donald J. Trump awards the Medal of Honor to Sgt. Maj. Thomas Patrick Payne at the White House, Washington, D.C., Sept. 11, 2020. Payne was awarded the medal for his actions while serving as an assistant team leader deployed to Iraq as part of a special operations joint task force in support of Operation Inherent Resolve on Oct. 22, 2015.
Photo By: Spc. Zachery Perkins
VIRIN: 200911-A-ZZ999-1111
A man and woman, both smiling, sit in chairs in an office. An American flag is in the background.
White House Meeting
Medal of Honor recipient Army Sgt. Maj. Thomas “Patrick” Payne and his wife, Alison, meet Joint Chiefs of Staff members at the Pentagon on Sept. 10, 2020. Payne received the Medal of Honor from President Donald J. Trump in a White House ceremony on Sept. 11, 2020, for his actions during a 2015 nighttime hostage rescue in Iraq.
Photo By: Navy Petty Officer 1st Class Carlos M. Vazquez II, DOD
VIRIN: 200910-D-WD757-2069

Payne graduated from Norwich University in 2017 with a degree in strategic studies and defense analysis, and he continues to serve in the Army. He and his wife have three children and live at Fort Bragg, where he's currently a special operations instructor. 

This article is part of a weekly series called "Medal of Honor Monday," in which we highlight one of the more than 3,500 Medal of Honor recipients who have earned the U.S. military's highest medal for valor.

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