On a recent assignment to Germany, military working dog Brock was part of the security detail for President Donald J. Trump’s visit to the G20 Summit in Hamburg, where he worked hand-in-hand -- or rather, paw-in-paw -- with the Secret Service dog teams.
Accompanied by Air Force Staff Sgt. Dominick Young, a 100th Security Forces Squadron dog handler, Brock -- a dual-certified, odor protection and patrol training dog -- searched rooms, luggage, vehicles and aircraft equipment near Air Force One.
Unique Military Working Dog
Back at his home station here, Brock stands out from the crowd of German shepherds and Belgian malinois working dogs -- 4-year-old Brock is a 98-pound black giant schnauzer, and causes people to do a double-take wherever he goes.
“A lot of people ask, ‘What is that?’ or ‘Is he your pet?’ and want to pet him,” Young said.
Giant schnauzers were used by the Air Force as military working dogs in World War II, but weren’t used again until the early 1980s. While they were found unsuitable for military duty in the past, the Air Force decided to try one more time.
Military working dogs are officially deemed as one rank higher than their handlers, explained Air Force Staff Sgt. Kelly Webster, 100th SFS MWD kennel master.
“Although it’s an unwritten rule, I think it’s because the dog is the asset and although we’re a team, the dog does the majority of the work; therefore he or she is the real boss,” Webster said.
“The dogs are taught like brand new airmen -- they learn and are taught basic odor detection and room searching, all the way down to bite, holding and obedience,” he added. “It’s not an easy task to teach a dog these crucial tasks, and many dogs don’t make the cut to being a military working dog.”
Brock is the first and only giant schnauzer in the Defense Department in almost 30 years. Young said his canine teammate passed his behavioral tests with flying colors, so those in charge of choosing service dogs for the DoD decided to go ahead and purchase him.
All DoD military working dogs are trained at the 341st Training Squadron, Joint-Base San Antonio-Lackland, Texas, and while there, Brock gained the reputation of being the hardest dog to train. Although originally slated for assignment with the Transportation Security Administration, they couldn’t take him because he bites and they only use sniffer dogs, Brock was a good fit for the Air Force because of the requirements needed for patrol-training dogs.
Young admitted that when he first became Brock’s handler, the dog was very strong-willed and wouldn’t react to his commands. After talking with the K-9 trainers in Texas and following their advice, Young and Brock soon became a strong team and a force to be reckoned with, though it took a lot of hard work and patience.
“Things that worked for the other dogs wouldn’t work for Brock -- he does things a lot differently. He’s great now, but I spent a lot of my off days working with him to gain his respect, and received a lot of help from the kennel master and other handlers,” Young said. “When I first got him, he was really dependent on his handler, so if he missed anything during training it would be on me.”
He added, “I would try to give him the independence to find the odor on his own, but he didn’t know, so I had to steer him into it. He has a lot of personality and is goofy, playful and very loyal. He’s also much easier to work with now. We’ve been together for a while and have a bond that I don’t have with any other dog here.”
Depending on how well the dog and handler mesh, it takes anywhere from 45 to 90 days to get a team fully certified, Webster said.
“As the kennel master, I need to know how all my teams work and what their strongest and weakest points are so we can build them to make them solid,” he said. “Once I feel the team is capable to work the road and detect substances, I’ll initiate a validation test, and after the team passes that phase, we then do their certifications.”
During his time as the trainer and kennel master, Webster said Brock has been relatively easy to train.
“A large part of that is because Sergeant Young has been his handler for two years and they’ve built the bond which all handlers hope to build with their dog. When we first received Brock, we initially noticed how uncoordinated he was -- it was definitely a humorous sight to see a massive puppy of his size doing the work we are required to do. Brock was like a bull in a china shop -- now he’s one of our best noses and MWDs,” he said.
Webster explained how the issue is a common one when a new handler is assigned to a dog.
“They’re just like humans and they want to feel you out and really test your patience and abilities,” he said. “A lot of the rapport to become a good team is built upon trust, and the handler is responsible for that. They play a lot of fetch, as well as go on walks and spend time just playing with them as a dog. We ask a lot from these dogs, so we need to take a step back sometimes and let them be a dog. Rapport comes with detection because it’s ultimately a game -- if you can have fun with your dog at the same time, it builds a better bond.”
The giant dog and his handler work so well together they were given the opportunity of working the presidential detail in Germany, Young said.
“Brock was great out there, but the environment affected him at first – he didn’t want to eat and you could tell he didn’t know where he was,” he said. “After a couple of days he got used to it and was back to his normal self again.
“One of the best things about that mission was working with the Secret Service dog teams,” Young said. “They had a lot more experience than I did, so there was a lot of knowledge being thrown back and forth. Dogs are weird when it comes to new environments, so when Brock wasn’t eating at first, I talked to the Secret Service guys and they gave me a few pointers on what to do to help him. I was honored to be part of that mission and couldn’t believe I was there with Brock, standing right next to Air Force One.”