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Air Combat Command Delivers Amid Stresses

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The Air Force's Air Combat Command is stressed, but is still able to provide military capabilities combatant commanders need, ACC's commander said.

"Are we stressed? Yes," Air Force Gen. James M. "Mike" Holmes told the Defense Writers Group yesterday in Washington. "But are we able to meet the things our country is asking us to do? Yes."

Are we stressed? Yes. But are we able to meet the things our country is asking us to do? Yes."
Air Force Gen. James M. "Mike" Holmes
ACC is the largest command in the service, operating around 1,000 aircraft in 35 wings at 300 locations worldwide. The command has 159,000 military and civilian personnel, and its headquarters is at Joint Base Langley-Eustis, Virginia.

The command is responsible for organizing, training, equipping and maintaining combat-ready air, space, cyber and intelligence forces. 

Planes fly over mountain.
Formation Flight
Air Force F-22 Raptors from Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson, Alaska, fly in formation over the Joint Pacific Alaska Range Complex, July 18, 2019. The complex provides a realistic training environment commanders leverage for full-spectrum engagements ranging from individual skills to complex, large-scale joint engagements.
Photo By: Air Force Staff Sgt. James Richardson
VIRIN: 190718-F-GO452-0370C

The Air Force was hit hard by budget problems of the past decade. The effects of the Budget Control Act, sequestration, continuing resolutions and government shutdowns hit readiness hard. Maintenance was deferred, spare parts were short, and flying hours were limited. 

Exacerbating the situation were manpower woes — especially a shortage of pilots.

ACC was still able to provide trained and combat-ready forces to combatant commanders worldwide, but it was a difficult time, Holmes said.

Airmen examines missiles on a jet.
Crew Members
F-15E Strike Eagle aircrew members assigned to the 492nd Fighter Squadron prepare for a sortie in support of exercise Combat Hammer at Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho, Aug. 16, 2019. Training opportunities like Combat Hammer allow the squadron to remain capable of executing strategic attack, interdiction, close air support and counter-air missions in support of war plans and contingency operations for U.S. European Command, U.S. Africa Command and NATO.
Photo By: Air Force Tech. Sgt. Matthew Plew
VIRIN: 190816-F-QP712-0118C

The command has climbed back from the depths of the readiness trough, Holmes said, but it continues to face challenges. "As we go forward, we have taken efforts over the last couple of years to try to balance the tempo with the time it takes to build readiness and to have a place where our airmen and their families can thrive, and not just survive," he said. 

ACC officials worked with the Joint Staff using the global force management process to address the limits and amount of force the command provides, the general said. "We've worked with our units when they are home to provide more 'white space' on their calendars," he added.

The command is working to get to a 1-to-5 ratio or time spent on deployments and temporary duty to time spent at home station. This allows airmen to reconnect with their families and also allows the service to ensure airmen get the training they need to move up the skill ladder.

Three aircraft fly in formation.
Strike Eagles
Three Air Force F-15E Strike Eagles assigned to the 391st Fighter Squadron from Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho, fly over the Utah Test and Training Range, July 3, 2018.
Photo By: Air Force Airman 1st Class Codie Trimble
VIRIN: 180703-F-PG806-1271C

"There are areas that I am concerned about; there are areas that are under more stress than others," Holmes said. "A lot of those fall into the places where, because of the tempo, we're required to do most of our training in operational missions."

Intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance and the rescue enterprise are particularly concerning, the general said, and the stress really comes into play when unexpected operations such as the efforts in the Persian Gulf arise, he added.

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