An official website of the United States Government 
Here's how you know

Official websites use .gov

.gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS

A lock ( lock ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Experts Predict Artificial Intelligence Will Transform Warfare

You have accessed part of a historical collection on Some of the information contained within may be outdated and links may not function. Please contact the DOD Webmaster with any questions.

Artificial intelligence will increasingly — and dramatically — improve systems across the Defense Department, the director of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center said.

Army Lt. Gen. John N.T. ''Jack'' Shanahan spoke remotely from the Pentagon yesterday with Dave Deptula, dean of the Mitchell Institute for Aerospace Studies.

''It is my conviction and deep passion that AI will transform the character of warfare in the Department of Defense in the course of the next 20 years,'' Shanahan said. ''There is no part of the department that will not be impacted by this, from the back office to the battlefield, from under sea to cyberspace and outer space, and all points in between.''

A rifle, sighting devices and drones.
Weapons Package
An M4 Carbine rifle equipped with the Smart Shooter sighting device lies next to drones to be used as moving targets for the 9th Reconnaissance Wing at Beale Air Force Base, Calif., Aug. 14, 2019. The sighting device attaches to the weapon and then locks on and fires to neutralize its target with or without movement. The device is also being used to limit friendly fire, as the weapon cannot be fired unless it is purposely locked on.
Photo By: Air Force Tech. Sgt. Alexandre Montes
VIRIN: 190814-F-BN304-0013

Artificial intelligence, often called AI, has been happening in commercial industry, but that effort only started in earnest in the department about 10 years ago, he noted, but ''we've been stuck in first gear in terms of fielding.''

​DOD has long struggled with how to take the world's best research and development and field it at speed and at scale, he added.

Since the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center began operations about two years ago, all of the foundational elements have been put into place, Shanahan said, noting that the center now has 185 employees with a $1.3 billion annual budget.

It is my conviction and deep passion that AI will transform the character of warfare in the Department of Defense in the course of the next 20 years.''
Army Lt. Gen. John N.T. ''Jack'' Shanahan, director, Joint Artificial Intelligence Center

Shanahan elaborated on what artificial intelligence foundational elements mean —  including AI strategy, policy, ethics, coalition partnerships, rules of engagement, user testing and evaluation.

All those elements were brought into the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center, where integrated product teams for projects do all of that work simultaneously, as opposed to sequentially, he said. ''In the department, those tend to happen in very different places, and sometimes they don’t happen at all.''

The center's initiatives are focused on lower-consequence, lower-risk missions such as preventive maintenance, humanitarian assistance, defensive cyber and business process transformation, he said.

But perhaps the most important current focus is on joint warfighting operations, he said.

Two airmen silhouetted as they stand near some cross-shaped posts, with airborne drones in the sky.
Airmen Silhouette
Air Force Staff Sgt. Colton Becker, 9th Security Forces Squadron training flight, notifies Air Force Chief Master Sgt. Dustin Hall, 9th Reconnaissance Wing command chief, that he is cleared to fire while using the Smart Shooter sighting device during a demonstration at Beale Air Force Base, Calif., Aug. 14, 2019. The 9th SFS Airmen have been using off-the-shelf commercial technology to help training and to improve how their missions are conducted.
Photo By: Air Force Tech. Sgt. Alexandre Montes
VIRIN: 190814-F-BN304-0059

Over the next one to two years, the goal will be delivery of these AI-enabled systems to the warfighter, he said. ''We have to show we're making a difference,'' he added.

Shanahan said moving the department from being an industrial age, hardware-driven force to being an information-age, software-driven, more risk-tolerant one won’t be easy. Nor will it be easy to choose where to take those risks and how to take those risks, he said.

''We're dealing with 60 years of legacy systems, legacy workflows, legacy talent management. You can't just bolt those cutting-edge technologies onto ... legacy equipment and expect to transform the Department of Defense,'' he said, adding that, culturally, AI has to be in the fabric of the department and what DOD does every single day.

Related Stories

An error has occurred. Error: YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE is currently unavailable.