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New Program Helps Dual-Use Hardware Startups Accelerate Product Development

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To stimulate and access hardware technology innovation in the private sector, the Defense Department launched a program called National Security Innovation Capital.

Located in Mountain View, California, NSIC addresses the shortfall of trusted funding from private venture capital sources for the development of new hardware technologies that have both commercial and national security applications, said Tex Schenkkan, NSIC director.

A column of flame and smoke billows from beneath a rocket as it launches into space.
Florida Launch
A SpaceX Falcon 9 CRS-18 rocket launches at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida, July 25, 2019.
Photo By: Air Force Airman 1st Class Dalton Williams
VIRIN: 190726-F-DJ189-1002Y

"This is an effort to protect against adversarial capital and ensure that our national security innovation base continues to be strong," he said, referring to China and other adversarial nations funding and developing hardware for military use.

Less than 30% of private U.S. venture capital is invested in hardware companies, and less than 10% of that is invested at early stages where it's most needed. In many cases, hardware startups were having to turn to foreign sources of capital, which left the startups vulnerable to the loss of their intellectual property to potential adversaries, he said.

The NSIC team identifies technology startups across the country that would benefit from government funding to develop dual-use products and bring them to market. NSIC funding allows such companies to accelerate their product development plans and reduce inherent technical risks, Schenkkan said.

NSIC funding and engagement attract additional private capital, further accelerating company progress to product launch and blocking future investment from untrusted sources, he added.

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F-35 Lightning II
Congress provided funding for additional F-35 Lightning II aircraft in the fiscal year 2020 budget. Pictured is an F-35 at Nellis Air Force Base, Nev.
Photo By: Air Force Airman 1st Class Bailee A. Darbasie
VIRIN: 191115-F-FM571-001C

Since NSIC began in February, it has received $15 million in funding from Congress. It is on track to obligate all of those funds by the end of September. It has awarded prototype development contracts to companies in multiple technology areas. 

Schenkkan said some examples include: 

  • Xplore is developing a high-power, ride-share-capable spacecraft providing the infrastructure to execute missions from low-Earth orbit to the moon and across cislunar space for commercial, scientific and national security end users.
  • New Frontier Aerospace is developing a new rocket engine design intended for hypersonic vehicles.
  • FuelX is developing a manufacturing process that produces a material for the safe storage and transportation of hydrogen.
  • Advanced Magnet Lab is a company creating a manufacturing process that will result in a domestic source of novel, high-performance magnets.
  • A company to be announced soon is building a domestic manufacturing facility to produce qualification cells based on a next-generation battery chemistry. 

A curving beam of light illuminates a dark blue sky as a rocket launches.
Rocket Launch
An Atlas V rocket carrying a Space Based Infrared System Geosynchronous Earth Orbit satellite for an Air Force mission lifts off from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fla., Jan. 19, 2018.
Photo By: United Launch Alliance
VIRIN: 180119-F-ZZ999-102C

NSIC is a part of the department's innovation ecosystem led by the Defense Innovation Unit. Its streamlined contracting process leverages the Other Transaction Authority already granted to and utilized by DIU.

"NSIC is an important part of accelerating emerging commercial technology into the DOD," said Michael Brown, DIU director. "Funding innovative dual-use technology to improve national security is critical in our nation's strategic competition with China and providing the best technology for our military."

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