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Army, Navy Satellite Communication Mission Areas Shift to Space Force

Sept. 22, 2021 | BY Jim Garamone , DOD News

The chief of Space Operations announced the transfer of Army and Navy satellite communications billets, funding and mission responsibility to the U.S. Space Force.

Space Force Gen. John W. "Jay" Raymond made the announcement at the Air Force Association meeting in Washington, yesterday. The transfers are scheduled to be effective Oct. 1, 2021, if the DOD budget is passed and signed.

General shakes hand with astronaut.
Raymond Greeting
U.S. Space Force Gen. John Raymond, chief of space operations, greets Michael Fincke, left, NASA astronaut, at United Launch Alliance’s Atlas Spaceflight Operations Center, Fla., May 17, 2021. During his visit, Raymond toured several facilities on Cape Canaveral and met with airmen and Guardians supporting space launch operations.
Photo By: Air Force Airman 1st Class Thomas Sjoberg
VIRIN: 210517-X-QO603-1701

"We're one team with our sister services and over the last year-and-a-half we have worked with the Army and the Navy and the Air Force to determine which capabilities come over to the Space Force," Raymond said. "The intent was to consolidate (and) increase our operational capability; increase our readiness and do so in a more efficient manner."

The changes are "a first tranche," he said.

This is the latest step in building the new service. The idea behind the U.S. Space Force was "to create a unity of effort around our space enterprise," said Space Force Lt. Gen. B. Chance Saltzman, the service's deputy chief of space operations for operations, cyber and nuclear. Simply forming the service made the idea of looking for efficiencies possible. 

"We need to create this unity of effort around our space missions, to ensure we're up to those challenges that we face, because the space domain has rapidly become far more congested, and far more contested than … when I was a lieutenant or a captain operating space capabilities," Saltzman said. 

Rocket arches through the sky to orbit.
Rocket Launch
A Falcon 9 rocket launches on Jan. 6, 2020, at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. The rocket, carrying an installment of Starlink satellites, was the first official launch of the United States Space Force.
Photo By: Air Force Airman 1st Class Zoe Thacker
VIRIN: 200106-F-KD758-1001A

The performance of satellite communications will be enhanced by this sort of unity of effort.

On the Navy side, the Navy's narrow band satellite constellation will transfer 76 manpower authorizations to the Space Force, as well as 13 satellites — a mix of the new multi-user objective system and the UHF follow-on satellite constellation.

The U.S. Army will transfer roughly $78 million of operations, maintenance and manpower authorizations. This will include five wideband SATCOM operations centers, and four regional SATCOM support centers. This will affect about 500 manpower authorizations.

All told, 15 global units with 319 military and 259 civilian billets from the Army and Navy combined will transfer to the Space Force. 

These are crucial defense capabilities. The units can't stop just because the function is transferring to the Space Force. The capabilities are needed 24/7 and they will be, Saltzman said.

Two Space Force lieutenants pose with Air Force colonel.
Officer Pose
Air Force Col. Nikki Lindhorst, Air University space chair, poses with Space Force 2nd Lieutenants Elizabeth Kowal and Amy Coba, after the Officer Training School Class 20-08 graduation October 16, 2020, at the OTS parade field on Maxwell Air Force Base, Ala. Lindhorst presided over the ceremony to welcome the newly-appointed officers from Class 20-08 to the Air Force and Space Force.
Photo By: Air Force Airman 1st Class Jackson Manske
VIRIN: 201016-F-TV052-1072C

The move puts basically all of the DOD's narrowband, wideband and protected SATCOM under control of U.S. Space Force. "Now all of that— training, operations, acquisition and sustainment and follow-on activities, user allocations — all of that, will be consolidated under the Space Force to create that unity of effort, and hopefully gain the ability to be more resilient, more dynamic, and ultimately more efficient with that mission set," Saltzman said.

The uniformed members assigned to the transferring billets are not obligated to move to Space Force. There is a process and those involved must volunteer to move. For soldiers and sailors, this requires release by their respective services and acceptance by the Space Force. For civilians, in most circumstances, civil servants currently filling transferring billets will be realigned along with their positions.