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Time for Guam Missile Defense Build-Up Is Now

There's no time to spare when it comes to getting the tools in place to defend Guam — a U.S. territory, home to 168,000 Americans, and a centerpiece of America's defensive abilities in the Pacific region.

Service members with rifles and protective gear stand against a wall.
Sailors prepare to enter a building during a close-quarter combat training exercise, January 9, 2010, at Naval Base, Guam.
Photo By: James Fee, Navy
VIRIN: 100109-N-D0439-058

"Guam represents the region's most critical node for not just command and control but also logistics and for our power projection," Marine Corps Lt. Gen. Stephen D. Sklenka, the deputy commander of U.S. Indo-Pacific Command, said during a conversation Monday with the Missile Defense Advocacy Alliance. "It's key terrain and it enables the success of our operational framework and its strategic importance can't be overstated."

Right now, he said, the Defense Department has committed about $11 billion in funding for military construction projects on Guam over the next five years, and that will help ensure Guam remains a place from which the U.S. military can fight, if needed, in the Indo-Pacific region.

"Guam is a place where our combat power will aggregate and congregate and from which it will emanate," Sklenka said. "From there we send a powerful strategic message to our allies and our adversaries that the United States has invested in this region — we prioritize the Indo-Pacific."

One area that needs work, Sklenka said, is Guam's missile defense system.

An aircraft sits on a taxiway. A military service member standing in the grass nearby provides directions.
Takeoff Time
A KC-135 aircraft taxis for takeoff while deployed to Guam April 17, 2019.
Photo By: Air Force Tech. Sgt. Michael P. Fariss, National Guard
VIRIN: 190417-Z-KW082-1049M

"Today's missile defense capabilities in Guam are, as we know, only sufficient to protect against yesterday's threats," he said. "To defend Guam against the [Chinese military's] evolving capabilities ... we require a land-based, persistent, 360-degree system. There's no getting around that. The Guam defense system has got to be an architecture that fuses the most capable integrated air missile defense programs of record today and those that are developing into the future."

Funding such a system, Sklenka said, is a top priority for Indo-Pacom, and has been for a while now.

"It's been our top priority for the last three years going on four, and the past two successive commanders have gone on the record to state this," Sklenka said. "They've warned all that will listen that the threat to Guam will only increase over the next five years. Those aren't idle threats. Those are based off of events that we're seeing unfold around us right now."

While the Missile Defense Agency is a likely candidate to lead the development of a more modern missile defense system on Guam, Sklenka said it's not important if it's MDA or one of the services — of more importance, he said, is that it gets done.

An aerial view of a military harbor.
Scenic Sail
Multiple naval ships and boats are moored at Apra Harbor, Guam, April 17, 2013.
Photo By: Navy Petty Officer 1st Class Jeffrey Jay Price
VIRIN: 130417-N-LS794-001M

"Our point is, we need something," he said. "We don't care whether it's led by [the] Army, whether it's led by [the] Navy ... or whether it's led [by] MDA. What we're saying is we need the decisions to be made, the architecture to be agreed upon, and to move out. Because this is a problem that we don't have the luxury anymore of waiting and analyzing and assessing. We've done all that stuff. We've done all the studies, it's time to move out, to get this thing into action. And if the best way to do that is to have MDA lead it, then let's figure out a way to give them the opportunity to lead it."

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