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Austin Remembers Prisoners of War, Service Members Deemed Missing in Action

Secretary of Defense Lloyd J. Austin III met today at the Pentagon with former prisoners of war, families of military members missing in action and staff from embassies of nations. The DOD works with these groups to account for missing American personnel and commemorate National POW/MIA Recognition Day.

"Every year on National POW/MIA Recognition Day, we gathered to honor American service members who were taken captive to stand with the families of the missing and the unaccounted for and to renew our commitment to bring home our missing heroes," Austin said.

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The Defense Department works to recover those who have been taken captive or who are lost in combat, Austin said. And earlier in the week, the remains of one such service member finally came home.

In 1943, During World War II, Austin said, Army Air Corps Lt. Col. Addison Baker led pilots on a low-flying attack on enemy-controlled oil fields near Ploiesti, Romania.

"As he neared his target, the enemy hit him with an anti-aircraft shell," Austin said. "His plane was burning and damaged and he could have chosen to land. But Lt. Col. Baker was determined to complete the mission. He kept going until he hit his target. But afterwards, his damaged plane tragically crashed into the town below."

The next, year, Austin said, Baker was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions, even though the whereabouts of his remains were unknown at the time. The Defense Department, Austin said, never stopped looking for Baker.

Uniformed service members and civilians participate in placing a wreath.
Ceremony Honors
The great-great-grandnephews of Army Air Corps Lt. Col. Addison Baker, participated in a public wreath laying ceremony following the interment of their great-great-granduncle, Sept. 13, 2022. Baker, a pilot during World War II, went missing in action during an operation over Romania. After 79 years, his remains were accounted for by the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency.
Photo By: Amber Vincent, DOD
VIRIN: 220914-D-CC231-219

"Nearly eight decades after his daring mission, scientists at Offutt Air Force Base used innovative forensic techniques to identify him," Austin said. "This week his family got to say a proper goodbye and to bury Lt. Col. Baker at Arlington."

Baker's family members were present at the event. Austin met privately with them prior to the ceremony.

Thanks to the work of the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency, Austin said, thousands of prisoners of war and service members who went missing in action have been recovered and their remains returned home to loved ones awaiting news back in the United States. Still, there are many more yet to be found, Austin said. The DPAA estimates as many as 81,000 American service members and civilians remain unaccounted for.

The Secretary of Defense shakes hands with a woman in a crowd.
POW/MIA Recognition
Secretary of Defense Lloyd J. Austin III met with families, Sept. 14, 2022 at the Pentagon during a National POW/MIA Recognition Day event.
Photo By: Lisa Ferdinando, DOD
VIRIN: 220916-D-BN624-0047
A man wearing business attire stands behind a lectern with a microphone.
National POW/MIA Recognition Day
Secretary of Defense Lloyd J. Austin III spoke, Sept. 14, 2022 at the Pentagon during a National POW/MIA Recognition Day event.
Photo By: Lisa Ferdinando, DOD
VIRIN: 220916-D-BN624-0428

"This is a monumental task, but it's also a sacred obligation," Austin said. "Everyone who serves in the United States military makes a solemn commitment to this country, and their families do as well. And this country makes a solemn promise to them in return: to provide the fullest possible accounting for anyone who goes missing in the line of duty. And it's our solemn obligation to do right by those who sacrifice to defend our security and our democracy."

Experts at the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency, Austin said, work in 46 countries around the world, searching for remains and using cutting-edge forensic technology to identify the missing. The DPAA doesn't do that work alone, however.

"Our partners around the globe lend vital support, including former foes that have become friends," Austin said. "And family and veteran service organizations, many of them here today, shine a spotlight on this important cause and help us fulfill our pledge to those who have served."

A black flag with a white circle containing a silhouette of a person waves in the wind.
POW/MIA Flag
The POW/MIA flag wavers in the wind at Schriever Air Force Base, Colo., Sept. 15, 2017.
Photo By: Christopher DeWitt, Air Force
VIRIN: 170915-F-JY173-0007C

Today, the DPAA estimates there are more than 81,000 Americans still missing from past conflicts ranging from WWII until the Gulf War. So far in fiscal year 2022, the DPAA has completed nearly 100 missions in 37 countries searching for American personnel and has accounted for more than 140 missing American military members, each with their own story.

"These are stories of pain and uncertainty, but also of hope and endurance and relief, when long-sought answers are finally found," Austin said. "The black and white flag that we fly in honor of our POWs and MIAs, bears a simple but powerful message to the families of those still missing and to all those who serve, and to our nation. And that message is that we will never forget. We will never give up hope, and we will never stop working to find answers and to bring home our missing."

National POW/MIA Recognition Day was established in 1979 through a proclamation signed by President Jimmy Carter. Since then, each subsequent president has issued an annual proclamation commemorating the third Friday in September as National POW/MIA Recognition Day.

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