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Russia Reportedly Supplying Enriched Uranium to China

Various open-source outlets reported how Rosatom is providing highly enriched uranium for Chinese fast breeder reactors, said a U.S official during a posture hearing today at the House Armed Services Subcommittee on Strategic Forces.

Rosatom is a Russian state corporation that specializes in nuclear energy.


"It's very troubling to see Russia and China cooperating on this," John F. Plumb, assistant secretary of defense for space policy,  replied.

"They may have talking points around it, but there's no getting around the fact that breeder reactors are plutonium, and plutonium is for weapons. So I think the [Defense] Department is concerned. And of course, it matches our concerns about China's increased expansion of its nuclear forces as well, because you need more plutonium for more weapons," Plumb added. 

China and Russia have placed nuclear weapons, space warfare and long-range strike at the center of their strategies to counter the United States and its allies and partners, he said.

A helicopter hovers above a ship.
Delivering Supplies
An MH-60R Seahawk helicopter, assigned to the “Wildcats” of Helicopter Sea Combat Squadron 23, delivers supplies to the ballistic missile submarine USS Nevada during a vertical replenishment at sea in the Pacific Ocean, July 7, 2022.
Photo By: Navy
VIRIN: 220707-N-N0869-1002M
A radar site is shown at night.
Red Light
The northernmost U.S. city of Utqiagvik, Alaska, can be seen behind Point Barrow Long Range Radar Site, Feb. 3, 2023. The Cold War-era radar site dates to 1957, and is manned by a few contractors and two active-duty airmen, who deploy on rotation approximately every 30 days from Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson, Alaska.
Photo By: Air Force Tech. Sgt. Curt Beach
VIRIN: 230203-F-IP109-0120M
"China is engaged in a significant and fast-paced expansion and diversification of its nuclear forces. Also, Russia and China view space as a warfighting domain, he said. 

China also has an ever-growing inventory of sophisticated long-range strike systems putting U.S. forces at risk at greater and greater distances, Plumb said. 

Russian President Vladimir Putin's irresponsible nuclear saber rattling has further underscored the importance of the U.S. nuclear deterrent, which is the bedrock of national security, he said.

The National Defense Strategy identified four priorities for the department, he said: 

  • Defend the homeland 
  • Deter strategic attacks 
  • Deter aggression while preparing to prevail in conflict, particularly with China and Russia 
  • Build a resilient joint force 

"All four of these priorities rely heavily on our space systems, our missile defenses and our nuclear forces," he said.

Cooperation with allies and partners is also a core element of the NDS, he added.

A jet takes flight.
In Motion
A U.S. Air Force B-2 Spirit bomber assigned to the 509th Bomb Wing, Whiteman Air Force Base, Mo., flies over Luke Air Force Base, Ariz., Nov. 15, 2022.
Photo By: Air Force Senior Airman Noah D. Coger
VIRIN: 221115-F-AL900-1203M
Smoke fills the air as a missile launches under a sunlit sky.
Missile Launch
The U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command launch a missile target at White Sands Missile Range, N.M., Feb. 8, 2023, while testing new Patriot missile software.
Photo By: Army
VIRIN: 230209-A-J1234-001M
"Our allies and partners are an asymmetric advantage that neither China nor Russia can ever hope to match," he said. 

Air Force Gen. Anthony J. Cotton, commander, U.S. Strategic Command; Air Force Gen. Glen D. VanHerck, commander, U.S. Northern Command and North American Aerospace Defense Command; and Army Gen. James H. Dickinson, commander, U.S. Space Command, also provided testimony.

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