Lethality

Military Global Integration Is About Change, Joint Staff Official Says

May 15, 2019 | BY Jim Garamone

Military global integration is about change and remaining ahead of possible adversaries, the Joint Staff's director of strategy, plans and policy said.

Speaking at the Air Force Association's Mitchell Forum in Arlington, Virginia, Air Force Lt. Gen. David W. Allvin detailed the progress the military is making in translating the ideas of global integration into actions.

Three-star Air Force general talks with men in suits.
Global Integration
Air Force Lt. Gen. David W. Allvin speaks to reporters following a presentation on global integration at the Air Force Association’s Mitchell Forum in Arlington, Va., May 15, 2019. Allvin is the Joint Staff’s director of strategy, plans and policy.
Photo By: Jim Garamone, DOD
VIRIN: 190515-D-FN314-001E


The chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is the global integrator and in charge of this process as he advises the president, the defense secretary and the rest of the National Security Council on military aspects.

We have to up our game in speed of recognition, speed of decision and speed of action, because it is coming at us that fast."
Air Force Lt. Gen. David W. Allvin
Global integration is necessary to keep abreast of the current threat environment, Allvin said, and the first is the changing character of war. "[War] really is transregional," he said. "It is also all domains, and we have to integrate that better, which means maybe stop … thinking about cyber and space as some mystical thing that is in addition to the traditional domains. It is integral, foundational and absolutely critical to have those domains integrated into our way of war and our way of thinking about how we are preparing the joint force."

The budget is another variable that must be taken under consideration. The defense budget is high, but it is not unlimited, and it does not cover funding to counter everything under the sun. "The threats we face across the globe, we are never going to have the funds needed to address each one individually," the general said. "We have to find ways to address all [of the threats] with the budget that we have."

Speed has to be another characteristic of the joint force. "We have to up our game in speed of recognition, speed of decision and speed of action, because it is coming at us that fast," Allvin said.

Two airmen look through binoculars.
Zone Survey
Air Force Senior Airman Nacie Calarco, a joint terminal attack controller with the 19th Air Support Operations Squadron supporting the 2nd Air Support Operations Squadron out of Vilseck, Germany, surveys the impact zone after a live-fire exercise during Dynamic Front 2019 in Torun, Poland, March 5, 2019.
Photo By: Army Spc. Christina Westover
VIRIN: 190305-A-HS465-828E


Now the task is to translate strategy into action. Allvin said he does not want the strategy to sit on a shelf and gather dust, but to be used as a living document in making decisions and allocating funds. Threats abound, and the National Military Strategy — an unclassified version may be released soon — looks to build on the National Defense Strategy in concentrating on great power competition with China and Russia and threats emanating from North Korea, Iran and violent extremism, Allvin said.

"The character of the latest National Military Strategy is really that of a boxer's stance," he said. "So, … you have to have the power and the strength to throw the punch. You have to be agile enough, … and you have to have the endurance to take the first punch and keep going. You have to have the resilience to defend yourself."

The challenges coming from many directions, domains and levels have to be responded to, the general said. "This runs through the National Military Strategy," he added.

It's important now to integrate global integration into the processes of the military. These include the planning process, the force management process and the force development process, the general told the forum.

Soldier in camouflage uniform and face paint walks in a wooded area.
Movement Training
Army Sgt. 1st Class Cody Francis of 1st Squadron, 91st Cavalry Regiment, 173rd Airborne Brigade retrieves radio transmission during fire movement training at Cerklje ob Krki air base, Slovenia, May 14, 2019. Exercise Immediate Response is a multinational exercise co-led by Croatian armed forces, Slovenian armed forces, and U.S. Army Europe. The logistics-focused exercise is designed to test and improve the ability to move forces and equipment rapidly from one location to another. The exercise will improve readiness and interoperability among participating allied and partner nations, officials said.
Photo By: Army Sgt. Zakia Gray
VIRIN: 190514-A-JL843-0009C


Processes affect plans. Combatant commanders submit campaign plans designed to respond to the threats in their areas of operations — U.S. European Command has a plan to counter Russia, for example. But Russia is also a factor in U.S. Central Command, U.S. Indo-Pacific Command, and, now, in U.S. Southern Command. There are also implications for defense of the homeland. These commands have different ways to deal with challenges posed by Russia. Someone needs to be able to look at these plans "holistically," Allvin said.

"One of the adaptations we've made in the planning area is these things we call the global campaign plans," he said. "It tries to address these challenges across the globe."

Tails of three C-130 cargo aircraft on a flight line.
Aircraft Tails
A C-130H Hercules aircraft, operated by the 142nd Airlift Squadron, 166th Airlift Wing, Delaware Air National Guard New Castle Air Guard Station, Delaware, sits on the flight line at Aviano Air Base, Italy, May 9, 2019, in preparation for Exercise Immediate Response 2019. The 166th AW is one of three Air Force C-130 units participating in the exercise, which is designed to rain airborne forces and enhance interoperability among allied and partner nations in Europe.
Photo By: Air Force Staff Sgt. Zachary Cacicia
VIRIN: 190509-F-BF612-0263C


This gives the Joint Chiefs chairman the global perspective he needs to give good, informed advice to the president and defense secretary. "The global campaign plan gives some insight into that, as they give some insight into how changes in one theater may be at odds with actions in another theater," Allvin said.

Allvin stressed that the global campaign plan process does not replace the combatant commands' operational plans, but supplements them. He also stressed that the idea is being put into motion under existing laws and directives.