Observances

WWII Veteran Shares Memories From Normandy Invasion

June 6, 2019 | BY David Vergun

On June 4, 1944, Army Pvt. Robert Levine turned 19. In a few days, the Bronx, New York, native would be visiting France. He had no money, no passport and no suitcase, but what he did have was his weapon, an 81 mm mortar.

Portrait
Robert Levine
Portrait of Army Pvt. Robert Levine taken in 1944.
Photo By: Courtesy of Robert Levine
VIRIN: 190606-O-ZZ999-004C

Levine was at the Pentagon after visiting the National World War II Memorial in Washington on the 75th anniversary of the D-Day invasion. He's one of a dwindling number of World War II veterans who landed in Normandy on the northwest coast of France, along with thousands of other U.S. and Allied soldiers.

The invasion took place on D-Day, June 6, 1944. On D+4, meaning June 10, Levine crossed the English Channel by boat from England and landed on Utah Beach along with the rest of his unit, Kilo Company, 358th Heavy Weapons Battalion, 358th Infantry Regiment, 90th Infantry Division.

The beach had been secured by the end of D-Day, so Levine's landing craft came ashore unopposed. But Levine wasn't out of harm's way. In the coming days, Levine's unit moved inland several miles. When they reached Hill 122 near Forest de Mont-Castre, Normandy, they faced stiff German resistance.

Troops wade ashore
Utah Beach
Army troops land on Utah Beach on D-Day, June 6, 1944.
Photo By: National Archives
VIRIN: 190606-O-ZZ999-001C
Wounded soldiers evacuate
Mont Castre
Wounded Americans are evacuated from the Mont Castre area of France in June 1944.
Photo By: National Archives
VIRIN: 190606-O-ZZ999-002C

Levine said his mortar effectively helped silence some of the German guns. "In Normandy, without the mortars, they would have been in trouble," he said of U.S. forces, explaining that mortars were key in clearing the hedgerows of Normandy where Germans were dug in.

However, his luck ran out when a grenade exploded nearby, injuring him in his foxhole. Then the Germans overran his position, and the soldier with him was shot and killed trying to make a run for it, but Levine said he was wounded and surrendered.

That night, U.S. artillery barrages hit the German encampment where Levine was being held prisoner. He was critically injured and was rushed to a German field hospital, where a German doctor by the name of Edgar Woll saved his life.

Portrait
Edgar Woll
Portrait of German Dr. Edgar Woll, taken in 1944.
Photo By: Courtesy of Robert Levine
VIRIN: 190606-O-ZZ999-005C

Levine said he believes the doctor removed his dog tags when he was unconscious and undergoing surgery. The reason, he thinks, is because the tags had an H on them, which identified him as Hebrew or Jewish. The doctor also left a detailed note in his pocket explaining his medical condition and why one of his legs had to be amputated.

Note
Woll’s Note
German Dr. Edgar Woll’s note explaining why he had to amputate the leg of Army Pvt. Robert Levine in 1944.
Photo By: Courtesy of Robert Levine
VIRIN: 190606-O-ZZ999-003

Levine was sent to a German POW hospital in Rennes, France, where he remained until it was liberated in August 1944. From there, he was shipped home and spent a year at Walter Reed Army Medical Center, recovering and being rehabilitated.

After his recovery, he used his GI Bill to attend Bethany College. He subsequently went into business as an owner of a restaurant franchise in New Jersey, where he lives today.

Years later, Levine said, he was visiting Europe where he met Woll's family and they welcomed him into their home. The doctor who had saved him had died a number of years earlier. To this day, the Levine and Woll family stay in contact and exchange visits.

Men speak to each other
Selva's Welcome
Air Force Gen. Paul J. Selva, vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, welcomes former Army Pvt. Robert Levine, a D-Day veteran and former prisoner of war, during an event in the Pentagon, June 6, 2019. Levine, a Jewish American, was seriously wounded a month after landing on Utah Beach in Normandy, France, and was subsequently captured by German forces and saved by a German doctor.
Photo By: Army Sgt. James K. McCann
VIRIN: 190606-D-SW162-1059

Mont-Castre, Levine said, was also the scene of a bloody fight between the Gauls and the Romans in 56 BC. Levine noted that the defensive earthen works erected by the Romans were still in place when he was there, and later as well, when he visited as a tourist.

Ever since his close calls with death on Hill 122, Levine said, he often tells himself that "every day is a gift."

Man visits memorial
Robert Levine
Robert Levine visits the National World War II Memorial in Washington, June 6, 2019.
Photo By: Lisa Ferdinando, DOD
VIRIN: 190607-D-BN624-0697

He credits his long life to two things: his family, including the love of his life, Edith Altman, who is still with him, and keeping a positive attitude. Levine noted that his first grandchild was born yesterday.

Jane Powers, his daughter, said Levine's first visit to Normandy was in 1982. When he returned home, she said, the experience was transformative for him. French veterans met him and hugged him, and some of the dark memories of the war seemed to diminish. Levine has returned to Normandy a number of times since.

Video by Air Force Staff Sgt. Anastasia Tompkins, DOD