Projecting power by quickly moving people and equipment around the world based on the combatant commands' needs is a top priority for U.S. Transportation Command, Transcom's commander said.
And to meet that global need, Transcom holds regular exercises and is exploring the use of artificial intelligence, Army Gen. Stephen R. Lyons told the Defense Writers Group today in Washington.
Transcom moves people and equipment by directing the transportation elements provided by the various branches, including the Navy's Military Sealift Command, the Air Force's Air Mobility Command and the Army's Military Surface Deployment and Distribution Command.
Lyons said exercises help officials evaluate, for example, how rapidly Transcom can activate a mix of Military Sealift Command and Transportation Department Maritime Administration ships on the East, West and Gulf Coasts. Activated ships are directed to transition from a reduced operating status to a fully crewed status — with quarters made habitable and cargo and gear ready — within five days. Activations commonly are followed immediately by a sea trial.
Transcom began such a readiness exercise Sept. 16, Lyons said.
Such exercises usually involve only a few ships, the general said, but this event activated 32 vessels so officials could better assess their readiness. An exercise of this scale also tests the capabilities of the support network involved in maintaining, manning and operating the nation's ready sealift forces, Lyons said.
It was a pressure test of the whole system, he said, and it validated the ability to activate ships to task. Of those 32 ships, most performed well, Lyons said, but Transcom is still awaiting the final results, which will be known in the coming weeks.
Lyons, who assumed command of Transcom in August 2018, said Transcom's ships are old - averaging 43 years - while commercial shipping averages about 15. Even so, he told the writers, they performed well during the exercise, even in the face of some storms that blew through.
The general said he encourages creative thinking that gives multiple options to commanders and dilemmas for adversaries. Artificial intelligence, for example, is a promising option, he said.
"We're definitely looking at it," he said. "We're trying to be disciplined in the approach. I absolutely see the power of data, particularly in the logistics enterprise."
Because much of Transcom's logistics is unclassified, there are opportunities to leverage commercial technologies in AI and machine learning, Lyons said, noting that it could improve decision making, forecasting and other important areas.
Lyons said Transcom has already developed an enterprise data environment as a proof of principle and moved a limited number of systems to the cloud. Over time, he added, the entire architecture will be moved to the cloud. Transcom has nearly 100 information technology systems, so it will take a lot of work to bring it into a cloud computing environment to leverage the data, he said.
"But it's not a magic 'snap your fingers and you're there,'" he said. "It's a very arduous journey over time. We're a long way from AI today, but we're working through the fundamentals."