Reform

DOD Looks to Future of Logistics

Oct. 8, 2019 | BY C. Todd Lopez

The most junior personnel in logistics today are going to have to come up with creative ideas on how to set and sustain a theater of operations for logistics, resupply and repair in a new world dominated by global power competition, a senior Defense Department official said.

During the fall meeting of the National Defense Transportation Association and the U.S. Transportation Command in St. Louis, today, Robert H. McMahon, assistant secretary of defense for sustainment, pointed over the heads of older transportation and logistics leaders gathered near the front of the conference and placed responsibility for the future on the shoulders of the young and creative.

A man in military uniform wears a hard hat and carries a portable radio.  Above him is a cargo container suspended from a crane.
Equipment Operator
Navy Petty Officer 1st Class Neftali Perez, an equipment operator, signals a crane operator aboard the maritime pre-positioning force ship USNS 2nd Lt. John P. Bobo in Santa Rita, Guam, June 26, 2019.
Photo By: Navy Petty Officer 2nd Class Jasen Moreno-Garcia
VIRIN: 190626-N-LN093-1155

"If you are a program manager in the private sector, 10 years from now you could be the CEO responsible for helping develop that solution," McMahon said. "If you are a field grade officer, you are going to be one of the flag officers in the future that will be executing in that environment. And if you are young company grade officer, you will be one of those commanders responsible for achieving that which you are asked to do, and leading men and women to protect this nation and preserve it as it exists."

McMahon said the status quo for getting materiel and people around the globe is no longer sufficient. He cited logistics support to Afghanistan as it relates to the 2010 coup in Kyrgyzstan and the shuttering of the Pakistan Ground Lines of Communication in 2011 to illustrate that what worked before can't be expected to be options in the future.

"We were flying everyone to Afghanistan though Manas and running our tanker operations out of Manas," McMahon said, referring to an air base in Kyrgyzstan. "A coup takes place in Kyrgyzstan. In a matter of about four of five days, we simply swing the effort to move through Kuwait."

When the Defense Department's ground-based trans-Pakistan supply route into Afghanistan shut down in November 2011, "we simply began flying stuff in," McMahon said.

There's no guarantee that the United States will continue to have access to alternative options in the future, he said.

A large cargo crane moves a container from a ship.
Cargo Maneuver
Sailors assigned to Navy Cargo Handling Battalion 1, NCHB 5 and NCHB 13 maneuver the docking module for the Improved Navy Lighterage System over the side of the maritime pre-positioning force ship USNS 2nd Lt. John P. Bobo during lift-on, lift-off operations in Apra Harbor, Guam, July 10, 2019. The system is a causeway that resembles a floating pier made up of interchangeable modules, and it is used to transfer cargo to shore areas where conventional port facilities are unavailable or inadequate.
Photo By: Navy Petty Officer 1st Class John Philip Wagner Jr.
VIRIN: 190710-N-TP834-1081

"The environment we face in the future will not allow us to do that," McMahon said. "We need to find new solutions, new ideas. It begins with defining what it is we're trying to achieve, and working back from that."

Current senior leaders don't have the answers for how the department will ensure continued access to all the places where the United States might operate in the future, he said, adding that he doesn't have those answers, either. Instead, he said, today's leaders need innovative and imaginative young people to help them think differently, because today's environment demands that.

Challenges that have included cyber, weather, water and climate continue to involve violent extremist organizations, but now also include new adversaries such as China, Russia, Iran and North Korea, McMahon said.

Setting a theater of operations in the South Pacific will prove a daunting challenge, he added, considering the size of the Pacific and the chains of islands that exist there.

Military personnel remove a damaged military helicopter through the tailgate of a large transport jet.
Joint efforts recover broken bird
Military personnel remove a damaged Army UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter from an Air Force C-17 Globemaster III at Soto Cano Air Base, Honduras, Aug. 26, 2019. During a mission to support the USNS Comfort, the UH-60 crew had performed a precautionary landing in an austere environment in Costa Rica. After inspecting the Black Hawk, the crew determined that it was not safe to fly. Service members from Joint Task Force Bravo worked together, with the assistance of a C-17 Globemaster III from U.S. Transportation Command, to return the broken helicopter back to Soto Cano.
Photo By: Martin Chahin, Army
VIRIN: 190826-A-EW556-006

"We have got to set the theater and then set the theater in ways that we have not even begun to think about," he said. "How do you get fuel to where you need to be? How do you take a new concept of operations that the Navy is talking about, or that the Air Force is talking about, in this enhanced agility, and the ability to sustain that? How do you get fuel to an F-35 when you don't know where that F-35 is going to be four hours from now?"

Europe, he said, poses different challenges, including the rail system and other infrastructure that may not be able to support large-scale movement of military materiel.

"That's not somebody's problem," he told the transportation-centric audience. "That's our problem, in this room."

A large industrial vehicle in silhouette against a bright blue sky picks up a shipping container.
Cargo Transport
An employee operates a rough-terrain container handler to move cargo associated with U.S. Transportation Command Transportation Management System prototype operations at Fort McCoy, Wis., July 11, 2019.
Photo By: Scott T. Sturkol, Army
VIRIN: 190711-A-OK556-7169

McMahon cited the comic book detective Dick Tracy's two-way wrist TV as an example of technology that seemed absurd when it debuted as fiction in the early 1960s, but has proven to have been prescient.

"What's the transportation concept that we are drawing up today that's just as absurd, that 10 years from now one of you will dream of  — to be able to create, to be able to make happen — to give us what we need in this kind of environment?" McMahon challenged.

"The real challenge is for you ... to be able to think about these questions, ponder these questions, debate these questions and ... with your partners between military services, between the military and the private sector, between modes of transportation, to talk about what the solutions might look like as we get ready for the threat that may be here sooner than we think — or perhaps, if we don't act, sooner than we are prepared for," he said.